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Civil War Soldiers - Penrose

Penrose, William H., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born at Madison barracks, Sacket's Harbor, N. Y., March 10, 1832. Prior to the Civil war he engaged in civil and mechanical engineering in Michigan, and on April 13, 1861, he was appointed 2nd lieutenant in the 3d U. S. infantry. He was promoted 1st lieutenant on May 14, was appointed colonel of the 15th N. J. volunteers April 18, 1863, and commanded the 1st brigade, 1st division, 6th army corps, from the afternoon of the first day's fight at Chancellorsville until three days before the battle of Gettysburg, when Gen. A. T. A. Torbert, absent by reason of wounds, returned. He commanded his regiment at Gettysburg and in Grant's campaign against Richmond early in 1864, and then commanded a brigade again at the battle of Cold Harbor on June 1, and through the Wilderness campaign. He continued in command through the Shenandoah valley under Sheridan, and was wounded at Cedar creek on Oct. 19. He was brevetted captain for gallantry at Marye's heights and major for good conduct at Gettysburg, was promoted captain, Sept. 11, 1863, brevetted lieutenant- colonel for services in the Wilderness, colonel for gallantry at Cedar creek, brigadier-general of volunteers for conduct at Middletown, and on April 9, 1865, was brevetted brigadier-general in the regular army for gallant and meritorious services in the field during the war. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, June 27, 1865, and was honorably mustered out of the volunteer service, Jan. 15, 1866. In the regular army he rose to colonel of the 20th infantry, Nov. 28, 1893. He was transferred to the 16th infantry in 1894 and retired by operation of law, March 10, 1896.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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