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Civil War Soldiers - Paul

Paul, Gabriel R., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in St. Louis, Mo., March 22, 1813. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1834, served in the Florida war and on the frontier, and was promoted captain in 1846. In the war with Mexico he engaged in the defense of Fort Brown, fought in the battle of Monterey, the siege of Vera Cruz, the battle of Cerro Gordo where he was wounded, the battles of Contreras, Churubusco and Molino del Rey, and the storming of Chapultepec, receiving the brevet of major for gallant and meritorious conduct at Chapultepec. After the close of the Mexican war he gained distinction by his services on the frontier against desperadoes and Indians, served in garrison in Texas and Missouri, 1852-58, and took part in the Utah expeditions, 1858- 60. During the early part of the Civil war he served in New Mexico, where he was acting inspector-general from July to Dec, 1861, and on Dec. 9 was appointed colonel of the 4th N. M. volunteers. In 1862 he commanded Fort Union and the Southern military district of New Mexico, respectively, participating in the skirmish at Peralta, N. M., April 15, and on April 25 he was promoted lieutenant-colonel U. S. A. He was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers on Sept. 5, and, his appointment expiring March 4, 1863, he was reappointed on April 18, of that year. He served with the Army of the Potomac at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, and in the latter engagement lost the sight of both eyes by being wounded by a rifle ball. He was retired from active service, Feb. 15, 1865, served until June of that year as deputy governor of the soldiers' home near Washington, D. C., and then conducted the military asylum at Harrodsburg, Ky., until Dec, 1866. He was brevetted brigadier-general U. S. A., March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services at Gettysburg, and in Dec, 1866, Congress granted him the pay and allowances attaching to the full rank of brigadier-general. For his services in Mexico the citizens of St. Louis presented him with a sword, and in recognition of his services at Gettysburg the 29th N. J. volunteers gave him a jeweled sword. After his death his comrades in the Grand Army erected a monument over his grave in the cemetery at Arlington, Va. Gen. Paul died in Washington, D. C., May 5, 1886.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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