|If this website has been useful to you, please consider
making a Donation.
Your support will help keep this website free for everyone, and will allow us to do
more research. Thank you for your support!
Civil War Soldiers - Osterhaus
|Osterhaus, Peter J., major-general,
U.S. Army, was born in Coblentz, Germany, Jan. 4, 1823. He immigrated
to the United States in 1849, settling in Belleville, Ill., and at the
outbreak of the Civil war was commissioned major of a battalion in the
2nd Mo. infantry, with which he took part in the actions at Dug
springs and Wilson's creek. He was commissioned colonel of the 12th
Mo. regiment, Dec. 19, 1861, and commanded a brigade under Gen. John
C. Fremont, a division under Gen. Samuel R. Curtis at Pea ridge, in
March, 1862, and one of the three divisions of the Army of the
Southwest in May of that year. He was commissioned brigadier- general
of volunteers, June 9, 1862, and commanded a division in the capture
of Arkansas Post and subsequently in the Vicksburg campaign. He
commanded the 1st division of the 15th corps of Grant's army in the
operations at Chattanooga and at the battle of Missionary ridge, where
he particularly distinguished himself, and he subsequently
participated in the Atlanta campaign, the march through Georgia, and
the campaign of the Carolinas. During the absence of Gen. Logan, from
Sept. 1, 1864, to Jan., 1865, he commanded the 15th army corps, Army
of the Tennessee, having been promoted major-general, July 23, 1864.
He acted as chief of staff to Gen. Canby at the surrender of Gen. E.
Kirby Smith, and afterwards commanded the military district of
Mississippi until Jan. 15, 1866, when he was honorably mustered out.
Gen. Osterhaus was United States consul at Lyons, France, 1866-77,
then returned to New York city, where for several years he engaged in
manufacturing and exporting hardware, and he subsequently removed to
Mannheim, Germany, where he continued the business.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908