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Civil War Soldiers - Oliver

Oliver, John M., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Penn Yan, N. Y., Sept. 6, 1828. He was educated at St. John's college, College Point, Long Island, N. Y., and subsequently moved to Monroe, Mich., where he was a druggist and served as recorder of the court. On April 17, 1861, he enlisted as a private, was promoted 1st lieutenant in the 4th Mich. infantry on June 20, and captain in that regiment on Sept. 25. On March 13, 1862, he was commissioned colonel of the 15th Mich. infantry, and at the battle of Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862, he won commendation from Gen. McCook for conspicuous bravery and efficient service. He commanded a brigade at the battles of Iuka, Corinth and Grand Junction, his regiment during the Vicksburg campaign, and a brigade during the first part of the Atlanta campaign. He commanded a brigade again in the march to the sea, and at the capture of Fort McAllister, Dec. 13, 1864, his brigade opened and carried the assault. He then led his brigade in the Carolinas and until disbanded at Washington after the surrender of Johnston's army, receiving promotion to the rank of brigadier-general Jan. 12, 1865. He subsequently commanded the 2nd division, 15th army corps, Army of the Tennessee, at Louisville, Ky., and then at Little Rock, Ark., where he was mustered out of the service, Aug. 24, 1865. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865, "for faithful, efficient and gallant service during the war." After being mustered out Gen. Oliver practiced law in Little Rock, Ark., and was assessor of internal revenue there; was subsequently appointed by President Grant superintendent of the postal service in the southwest, and took up his residence in Washington. He resigned in 1871 on account of ill health. He declined the appointment of associate justice of the supreme court of the district of Columbia in 1869. Gen. Oliver died in Washington, D. C., March 30, 1872.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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