|If this website has been useful to you, please consider
making a Donation.
Your support will help keep this website free for everyone, and will allow us to do
more research. Thank you for your support!
Civil War Soldiers - Oliver
|Oliver, John M., brigadier-general,
U.S. Army, was born in Penn Yan, N. Y., Sept. 6, 1828. He was educated
at St. John's college, College Point, Long Island, N. Y., and
subsequently moved to Monroe, Mich., where he was a druggist and
served as recorder of the court. On April 17, 1861, he enlisted as a
private, was promoted 1st lieutenant in the 4th Mich. infantry on June
20, and captain in that regiment on Sept. 25. On March 13, 1862, he
was commissioned colonel of the 15th Mich. infantry, and at the battle
of Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862, he won commendation from Gen. McCook for
conspicuous bravery and efficient service. He commanded a brigade at
the battles of Iuka, Corinth and Grand Junction, his regiment during
the Vicksburg campaign, and a brigade during the first part of the
Atlanta campaign. He commanded a brigade again in the march to the
sea, and at the capture of Fort McAllister, Dec. 13, 1864, his brigade
opened and carried the assault. He then led his brigade in the
Carolinas and until disbanded at Washington after the surrender of
Johnston's army, receiving promotion to the rank of brigadier-general
Jan. 12, 1865. He subsequently commanded the 2nd division, 15th army
corps, Army of the Tennessee, at Louisville, Ky., and then at Little
Rock, Ark., where he was mustered out of the service, Aug. 24, 1865.
He was brevetted major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865, "for
faithful, efficient and gallant service during the war." After being
mustered out Gen. Oliver practiced law in Little Rock, Ark., and was
assessor of internal revenue there; was subsequently appointed by
President Grant superintendent of the postal service in the southwest,
and took up his residence in Washington. He resigned in 1871 on
account of ill health. He declined the appointment of associate
justice of the supreme court of the district of Columbia in 1869. Gen.
Oliver died in Washington, D. C., March 30, 1872.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908