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Civil War Soldiers - Mower

Mower, Joseph A., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Woodstock, Vt., Aug. 22, 1827. He was educated in the public schools, learned the carpenter's trade, and served during the Mexican war as a private in a battalion of engineers. He was commissioned 2nd lieutenant in the 1st U. S. infantry in 1855, promoted 1st lieutenant in 1857, and captain Sept. 9, 1861. He was engaged in the early operations of the Union army in Missouri, was elected colonel of the 11th Mo. infantry, May 3, 1862, won the nick-name of "Fighting Joe" by gallantry at Iuka and Corinth, and was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers Nov. 29, 1862. He commanded the 2nd brigade, 3d division, 15th army corps in the Vicksburg campaign, May 19-July 4, 1863, distinguishing himself particularly at the battle of Milliken's bend on June 6-8. In the Red River campaign under Banks he led the attacking column into the fort at the capture of Fort De Russy, March 14, 1864, and on May 15, encountered and defeated Wharton and Polignac on the Yellow bayou, while in command of the rear-guard of the army. He subsequently was promoted to the command of a division, defeated Forrest at Tupelo, Miss., July 13-15, and on Aug. 12, 1864, he was promoted major-general of volunteers. He served with Sherman in Georgia and the Carolinas, commanding the 17th corps in South Carolina, and the 20th corps at the battle of Bentonville, March 19-20, 1865. He was brevetted major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel, brigadier-general and major-general in the regular army for gallantry at the battles of Farmington, Iuka, and Jackson, Miss., Fort De Russy, La., and Salkehatchie, S. C., respectively. He was mustered out of the volunteer service, Feb. 1, 1866; promoted colonel U. S. A., July 28, 1866, and was transferred to the 25th infantry in 1868 and then to the 39th infantry. He died while in command of the Department of Louisiana, at New Orleans, Jan. 6, 1870.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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