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Civil War Soldiers - Montgomery

Montgomery, William R., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Monmouth county, N. J., July 10, 1801. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1825 and served on the Canadian border during the disturbances of 1838-46, in the Florida war of 1840-42, and in the military occupation of Texas. In the Mexican war, which he entered as captain, he fought at Resaca de la Palma, where he was wounded and brevetted major, at Molino del Rey, where he was again wounded, and he commanded his regiment at Chapultepec and the capture of the Mexican capital. For services at Molino del Rey he was brevetted lieutenant-colonel, and in Dec, 1852, he was promoted major. He was stationed at Fort Riley, Kan., during the troubles in that territory, and while there incurred the displeasure of the authorities and was dismissed from the service, Dec. 8, 1855. At the beginning of the Civil war he organized the 1st N. J. volunteers, of which he became colonel, May 21, 1861, and he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, to date May 17, and appointed military governor of Alexandria, Va. He subsequently held a similar office in Annapolis, Md., and then in Philadelphia, Pa., until 1863, after which he served on a military commission in Memphis, Tenn. He resigned on account of failing health, April 4, 1864, and after a brief period in Philadelphia retired to his home in Bristol, Pa., where he died May 31, 1871.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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