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Civil War Soldiers - Mitchell

Mitchell, John G., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Piqua, Ohio, Nov. 6, 1838. He was graduated at Kenyon college in 1859 and studied law in Columbus, Ohio. On June 27, 1861, he enlisted in the first battalion of Ohio reserves and on July 30 he was appointed 1st lieutenant and adjutant of the 3d Ohio infantry. On Dec. 21, 1861, he was promoted captain. His early service was in West Virginia under Rosecrans, and he subsequently served in Gen. Mitchel's campaign in Tennessee and Alabama. In the summer of 1862 he was sent into Ohio on recruiting service, and on Sept. 2 he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 113th Ohio infantry. With his regiment he was engaged, first in guarding railroads in Kentucky, and afterwards was stationed at Franklin, Tenn. He was promoted colonel of his regiment in the spring of 1863; took part in the Tullahoma campaign, and distinguished himself particularly at Chattanooga, where a diversion by Whitaker's brigade and his own insured the safe retreat of Gen. Thomas' army. On the reorganization of the army Col. Mitchell relinquished the command of the brigade, which became the 2nd brigade, 2nd division, 14th army corps, and which took part in the battle of Missionary ridge and the pursuit of Bragg, and then went into winter quarters at Rossville. He resumed command of his brigade previous to the Atlanta campaign, however, and took part in that campaign, leading the advance at Rocky Face ridge and participating in the battle of Resaca, the capture of Rome, and the battles of Dallas and New Hope Church. His brigade, in conjunction with that of Col. Daniel McCook, led the assault at Kennesaw mountain and suffered terrible losses. Col. Mitchell continued to command the brigade throughout the Atlanta campaign, and was present subsequently at the battle of Nashville and the pursuit of Hood. He then joined his corps in South Carolina and led his brigade through the campaign of the Carolinas. He was promoted brigadier-general Jan. 12, 1865. On March 13, 1865, he was brevetted major-general of volunteers "for gallant and meritorious services in the war, especially at the battle of Averasboro and Bentonville, N. C." Gen. Mitchell resigned from the army July 3, 1865, and returned to Columbus, Ohio. He died Nov. 7, 1894.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Mitchell, Robert B., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Richland county, Ohio, April 4, 1823. He attended Washington college, studied law, practiced in Mansfield, 1844-46, and served throughout the Mexican war as 1st lieutenant in the 2nd Ohio volunteers. Removing to Kansas in 1856 he became an active member of the Free-State party, was a representative in the territorial legislature, 1857-58, and treasurer, 1858-61. He was appointed colonel of the 2nd Kan. infantry, May 23, 1861, and was severely wounded at the battle of Wilson's creek. On his recovery he raised a regiment of cavalry, and on April 8, 1862, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers. At the battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862, Gen. Mitchell commanded the 9th division, 3d army corps, Army of the Ohio, and he commanded the cavalry corps of the Army of the Cumberland in the battle of Chickamauga, Sept. 19-20, 1863. He was honorably mustered out, Jan. 15, 1866. Gen. Mitchell was governor of New Mexico, 1865-67, and then removed to Washington, D. C., where he died, Jan. 26, 1882.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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