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Civil War Soldiers - Meredith

Meredith, Solomon, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Guilford county, N. C., May 29, 1810. He removed to Wayne county, Ind., when nineteen years old, and by means of manual labor secured for himself a fair education. He then located at Cambridge city, was sheriff of his county in 1834 and 1836, and a member of the state legislature, 1846-48 and 1854-56. In 1849 he became U. S. marshal for the district of Indiana, and he was clerk of the courts of Wayne county, 1859-61. He was director and financial agent of the Indiana Central railroad, 1854-59, and subsequently president of the Cincinnati & Chicago railroad company. On July 29, 1861, he became colonel of the 19th Ind. regiment, which saw its first service in Virginia and lost half its number at Gainesville, where Col. Meredith was wounded. He commanded his regiment also at Sharpsburg and Antietam, was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers Oct. 6, 1862, and commanded the "Iron Brigade" at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, where he was so severely wounded as to be disabled for active service until Nov., 1863. He was then assigned to command the 1st division, 1st army corps, but failing health compelled him to relinquish the charge, and he commanded the military post of Cairo, Ill., in 1864, and the district of western Kentucky in 1864-65. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers for meritorious service during the war and was honorably mustered out May 22, 1865. After the war Gen. Meredith was United States assessor of internal revenue for his district, 1866- 67; surveyor-general of Montana territory, 1867-69, and then retired to his farm, "Oakland," near Cambridge city, Ind. He died in Cambridge city, Ind., Oct. 2, 1875.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Meredith, Sullivan A., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., July 5, 1816. He was educated at William and Mary college, and when a young man took two trips to China. In 1848 he visited California. He was engaged in business in Philadelphia when the Civil war broke out, and he superintended the drilling, equipping and forwarding of over 30,000 troops. He was commissioned colonel of the 10th Penn. regiment on April 26, 1861, took part in Patterson's campaign in the Shenandoah valley, and on his return organized the 56th regiment and was commissioned its colonel, March 6, 1862. In April he was assigned to McDowell's corps, with which he served in the second battle of Bull Run, where he was severely wounded. For gallantry in this engagement he was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, to date from Nov. 29, 1862, and when partially recovered from his wounds he was appointed commissioner for the exchange of prisoners. He was ordered to St. Louis in 1864 and served there under Gen. Rosecrans until mustered out of the service, Aug. 24, 1865. He died in Buffalo, N. Y., Dec. 26, 1874.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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