|If this website has been useful to you, please consider
making a Donation.
Your support will help keep this website free for everyone, and will allow us to do
more research. Thank you for your support!
Civil War Soldiers - McCandless
brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in the state of Pennsylvania
and was one of the loyal citizens of that state that offered his
services to the Federal government in the early days of the Civil war.
He enlisted in the 31st Pa. infantry, which was also known as the 2nd
Pa. reserves, and on June 21, 1861, was elected major of that
organization. On July 24 with his regiment he left camp at
Philadelphia and moved to Harrisburg, leaving that point at once for
Baltimore and then proceeded to Harper's Ferry. On Sept. 25 the
regiment was assigned to the 1st brigade of the Pennsylvania reserves,
becoming the second regiment of the brigade, and at the battle of
Mechanicsville it received the brunt of the attack without flinching
and was highly praised by the commanding officer. On Oct. 22 Maj.
McCandless was promoted to lieutenant-colonel of his regiment and with
it was active at Gaines' mill and Glendale, but was in reserve at
Malvern hill. He was commissioned colonel on Aug. 1, 1862, was wounded
at the second battle of Bull Run, and also participated at Chantilly
and the sharp engagement on the old Hagerstown road, near Frederick,
Md. At the head of his regiment he was with the 1st Pa. reserves at
South mountain, Antietam and Fredericksburg, and at the battle of
Gettysburg participated in a brilliant charge in which many prisoners
and the flag of the 15th Ga. infantry was captured. He was active with
his regiment at Bristoe Station and in the Mine Run campaign, and
during the Wilderness movement, on May 8, 1864, he was again wounded.
He remained with his regiment, however, and participated in the
battles of that campaign until June 1, his last engagement being at
Shady Grove Church, and on June 16, 1864, he was mustered out of the
service, the term for which the regiment enlisted having expired. On
July 21, 1864, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers,
but declined the proffered honor and gave his attention to peaceful
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908