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Civil War Soldiers - Martindale

Martindale, John H., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born at Sandy Hill, N. Y., March 20, 1815. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1835, but resigned his commission March 10, 1836, was engineer on the construction of the Saratoga & Washington railroad in 1836, and in 1838 was admitted to the bar. He practiced law in Batavia, N. Y., 1838-51, and in Rochester, N. Y., 1851-61, being district attorney for Genesee county, 1842-45 and 1847-51. He was commissioned brigadier- general of volunteers, Aug. 9, 1861, and distinguished himself by the skillful handling of his brigade during the Peninsular campaign. At Hanover Court House, with about 1,000 men, he sustained the attack of a force of 4,000 until Gen. Fitz-John Porter came up, thus saving the day, and his brigade was prominently engaged also at Gaines' mill and Malvern hill. In the retreat he exclaimed that he would rather surrender than desert the wounded, and for this Gen. Porter brought charges against him, but he was fully exonerated by a court of inquiry. He was military governor of Oregon, 1862-64, was relieved at his own request in May, 1864, joined Gen. Benjamin F. Butler's army and led a division in the operations south of Richmond and in the siege of Petersburg. He distinguished himself particularly at Cold Harbor, where he charged the Confederate earthworks four times with his division without the support of the 1st division, and, although repulsed, the front of his division was, at the close of the battle, within two hundred yards of the enemy's line. Gen. Martindale was compelled by sickness to resign his commission, Sept. 13, 1864, and on March 13, 1865, he was brevetted major-general of volunteers for gallantry at Malvern hill. He was attorney general for New York, 1866-68, and died in Nice, France, Dec. 13, 1881.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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