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Civil War Soldiers - Lucas

Lucas, Thomas J., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Lawrenceburg, Ind., Sept. 9, 1826. He learned his father's trade, that of a watchmaker, but joined the 4th Ind. volunteers for the Mexican war as a drummer boy, was made 2nd lieutenant on the same day, and while in the service in Mexico was promoted 1st lieutenant and adjutant. Returning to Indiana in 1848, he resumed his former occupation. In 1861 he raised a company of which he was chosen captain, and which became part of the 16th Ind. regiment, of which he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel, May 20. He distinguished himself at Ball's bluff, Va., where he covered the retreat of the national forces, and on Aug. 19, 1862, he was chosen colonel of his regiment, which reenlisted for three years or the war. He engaged in the battle of Richmond, Ky., where his regiment, after the loss of 200 men, was completely routed and afterwards sent to Indianapolis, furloughed and reorganized, and in December joined Grant's army at Vicksburg, during the operations around which place Col. Lucas was wounded three times. He was afterwards ordered to command the post of Vermillionville, La., and then was placed at the head of a cavalry brigade, with which he did good service in the Red River expedition, first in the advance, then in covering the retreat of Banks' army, and then in the advance again to the Mississippi. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, Nov. 10, 1864, and commanded a division of cavalry in the operations about Mobile, defeated the Confederates at Claiborne and led raids into western Florida, southern Georgia, and Alabama. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers March 26, 1865, and after his command was mustered out he was ordered to New Orleans, by request of Gen. Sheridan, where he remained until the affairs of the French in Mexico were settled, and then returned to his home in Lawrenceburg, Ind., in Jan., 1866. After the war Gen. Lucas was employed in the United States revenue service, 1875-81, was postmaster of Lawrenceburg, 1881-85, and in 1886 was an unsuccessful candidate on the Republican ticket for Congress.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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