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Civil War Soldiers - Long

Long, Eli, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Woodford county, Ky., June 16, 1837. He was graduated at the Frankfort, Ky., military school in 1855, was appointed from civil life 2nd lieutenant in the 1st U. S. cavalry, July 27, 1856, and prior to the Civil war saw active service against Indians. He was promoted 1st lieutenant March 1, and captain May 24, 1861, assigned to the 4th U. S. cavalry and served in the Army of the West, participating in the operations leading to and including the battle of Stone's river, Tenn. Throughout the war he was actively engaged as colonel of the 4th Iowa cavalry in the west, at Tullahoma, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, and in the Atlanta campaign until its close, Sept. 18, 1864. He was promoted brigadier-general, Aug. 18, 1864, and commanded the 2nd division of the cavalry corps in Wilson's raid through Alabama and Georgia from March 22 to April 20, 1865, and the military district of New Jersey in 1865-66. He was brevetted major for gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Farmington, Tenn., lieutenant-colonel for gallantry at Knoxville, colonel for services at the battle of Lovejoy's Station, Ga., brigadier-general, March 13, 1865, for gallantry in the battle and capture of Selma, Ala., major-general U. S. A. on the same date for gallant and meritorious services during the war, and major-general of volunteers for gallant and meritorious services in action. He was mustered out of the volunteer service Jan. 15, 1866, was retired with the rank of major-general of volunteers Aug. 16, 1867, and brigadier-general March 3, 1875. He died Jan. 5, 1903.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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