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Civil War Soldiers - King

King, John H., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Michigan about 1818 and was appointed 2nd lieutenant of the 1st infantry in the regular army in 1837. He was promoted 1st lieutenant two years later, captain in 1846 and major in May, 1861. He was stationed in Florida and on the western frontier up to 1846, was in Vera Cruz in 1847 and then in Texas up to the time of the Civil war. When the war broke out he with Maj. Larkin Smith prevented the state troops disarming the national forces, and took six companies of the 2nd U. S. cavalry and three companies of the 1st U. S. infantry to New York. He commanded Newport barracks, Ky., in 1861, battalions of the 15th, 16th and 19th regiments, U. S. A., in 1862, and was engaged with the 15th and 16th in the battle of Shiloh, advance on Corinth, the march to the Ohio river, and the battle of Murfreesboro. He was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers Nov. 29, 1862, and fought at Stone's river, where he was wounded, and at Chickamauga in Sept., 1863, where his brigade, with that of Col. B. F. Scribner, was overpowered by Gen. St. J. R. Liddell's division. He was also present at the battles of Resaca, New Hope Church, Kennesaw mountain, Ruff's station, and Peachtree and Utoy creeks, and commanded a division for thirty days during the Atlanta campaign. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel in June, 1863 ; colonel of the 9th U. S. infantry in July, 1865 ; was brevetted major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865; and in the regular army received the brevets of colonel for gallantry at Chickamauga ; brigadier-general for conduct at Ruff's station, and major-general for gallant and meritorious services during the war. After the war he commanded the 9th U. S. infantry in the west until retired in 1882. He died in Washington, D. C., April 7, 1888.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

King, Rufus, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in New York city, Jan. 26, 1814. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1833 and appointed to the engineer corps, but resigned in 1836 and became assistant engineer of the New York & Erie railroad, a position which he relinquished in 1839 to become adjutant-general of New York. He was associate editor of the "Albany Evening Journal" and of the Albany "Advertiser" from 1841 to 1845, when he moved to Wisconsin, where he was editor of the "Milwaukee Sentinel" until 1861. He served also as member of the convention that formed the state constitution, as regent of the state university, member of the board of visitors to the U. S. military academy in 1849, and superintendent of public schools in Milwaukee, 1849-61. He was appointed U. S. Minister to the Pontifical States in 1861 and held the appointment from March 22 to Aug. 5, but did not serve, having offered his service to the governor of Wisconsin in the Civil war. He was commissioned brigadier-general of state volunteers, May 7, 1861, received his commission in the U. S. volunteer service ten days later and served in the defence of Washington from May, 1861, to March, 1862. He commanded a division at Fredericksburg, Groveton, and Manassas, was a member of the commission to try Gen. Fitz-John Porter, was then on waiting orders until March, 1863, and afterwards was in command of Yorktown, Va., and subsequently of a division at Fairfax Court House, Va., until compelled by failing health to resign, Oct. 20, 1863. Gen. King was then U. S. minister resident at Rome until July 1, 1867, and deputy collector of customs at the port of New York after that until 1869, when he retired from public life. He died in New York city, Oct. 13, 1876.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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