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Civil War Soldiers - Kammerling
brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was a patriotic German citizen of the
city of Cincinnati, Ohio, and upon the outbreak of the Civil war he
enrolled himself as a member of the 9th Ohio infantry for the three
months' service, being mustered in on May 8, 1861, as captain of Co.
F. Before leaving the state he learned of the president's call for
volunteers to serve three years and immediately agreed to enlist for
that period, his company being transferred as a body to the three
years' organization, which was also numbered as the 9th Ohio infantry.
Capt. Kammerling's first experience in actual warfare was at the
battle of Rich mountain, W. Va., and with his regiment he was also
engaged at Carnifix Ferry. His command also participated in the battle
of Mill Springs, Ky., where it made a decisive charge, completely
routing the Confederates. Capt. Kammerling was promoted to major on
Nov. 1, 1861, lieutenant-colonel on March 8, 1862, and he was
commissioned colonel and took chief command of his regiment on Aug. 6,
1862. In the second day's fighting in the battle of Chickamauga he led
his regiment in the famous bayonet charge of Van Derveer's brigade ;
and in the afternoon of the same day, while holding the hill on which
the right of Gen. Thomas' corps rested, his regiment once more drove
the Confederates back at the point of the bayonet. On Jan. 5, 1864, he
was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, but declined the
proffered honor and continued to serve with his regiment. With it he
participated in the battle of Resaca, Ga., and on May 20 entered upon
his last march against the enemy, moving from Kingston to the Etowah
river. Up to the last moment his regiment stood within range of the
enemy's guns and from the very outer picket line it was relieved by
Gen. Thomas, in person, and started for Cincinnati. Gen. Kammerling
was mustered out with the regiment on June 7, 1864, and then engaged
in peaceful pursuits in the city of his adoption.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908