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Civil War Soldiers - Kammerling

Kammerling, Gustave, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was a patriotic German citizen of the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, and upon the outbreak of the Civil war he enrolled himself as a member of the 9th Ohio infantry for the three months' service, being mustered in on May 8, 1861, as captain of Co. F. Before leaving the state he learned of the president's call for volunteers to serve three years and immediately agreed to enlist for that period, his company being transferred as a body to the three years' organization, which was also numbered as the 9th Ohio infantry. Capt. Kammerling's first experience in actual warfare was at the battle of Rich mountain, W. Va., and with his regiment he was also engaged at Carnifix Ferry. His command also participated in the battle of Mill Springs, Ky., where it made a decisive charge, completely routing the Confederates. Capt. Kammerling was promoted to major on Nov. 1, 1861, lieutenant-colonel on March 8, 1862, and he was commissioned colonel and took chief command of his regiment on Aug. 6, 1862. In the second day's fighting in the battle of Chickamauga he led his regiment in the famous bayonet charge of Van Derveer's brigade ; and in the afternoon of the same day, while holding the hill on which the right of Gen. Thomas' corps rested, his regiment once more drove the Confederates back at the point of the bayonet. On Jan. 5, 1864, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, but declined the proffered honor and continued to serve with his regiment. With it he participated in the battle of Resaca, Ga., and on May 20 entered upon his last march against the enemy, moving from Kingston to the Etowah river. Up to the last moment his regiment stood within range of the enemy's guns and from the very outer picket line it was relieved by Gen. Thomas, in person, and started for Cincinnati. Gen. Kammerling was mustered out with the regiment on June 7, 1864, and then engaged in peaceful pursuits in the city of his adoption.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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