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Civil War Soldiers - Johnson

Johnson, Andrew, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Raleigh, N. C., Dec. 29, 1808. Moving to Tennessee when a young man, he became prominent in politics, was for several terms a member of the state legislature, and represented his district in Congress from 1843-1853. He was then elected governor of Tennessee, was re-elected in 1855, and in 1857 was elected to the United States senate. In the senate he strongly opposed secession and said that he was in favor of having secessionists arrested and tried for treason. Johnson held his seat in the United States senate until 1862, when he was appointed by President Lincoln military governor of Tennessee, ranking as brigadier- general of volunteers. His service in the war was in this capacity, and it was chiefly due to his courage that Nashville was held against a Confederate force. He urged the holding of Union meetings throughout the state, raised twenty-five regiments for service in the state, and levied a tax on the wealthy southern sympathizers to be used in behalf of the families of the poorer Confederate soldiers. He exercised during his term of office absolute and autocratic powers, but with moderation and discretion, and his course strengthened the Union cause in Tennessee. Upon the renomination of Mr. Lincoln for the presidency Mr. Johnson was nominated for vice-president, and when President Lincoln was assassinated Johnson was immediately sworn in as president, April 15, 1865. Johnson's course as president does not concern this volume. After the expiration of his term of office he returned to Tennessee, and in 1875 was elected U. S. senator. He died at Carter's station, Carter county, Tenn., July 30, 1875.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Colonel, regiment engineers, Provisional Army of Tennessee, June 28, 1861.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., January 24, 1862.
Major general, P. A. C. S., May 21, 1864.
Died September 12, 1880, at Miles Station, Illinois.

Brigade composed of the Seventeenth, Twenty-third, Twenty-fifth, Thirty-seventh, and Forty-fourth Tennessee Regiments Infantry, and Captain Darden's Battery of Light Artillery, Army of Tennessee. Commanding, in __, 1862, the Third Brigade, Third Division, Army of the Mississippi. Division composed of Johnson's (commanded by Colonel Fulton), Wise's, Elliott's, and Gracie's Brigades, and Sixty-fourth Georgia Regiment, Army of Northern Virginia.

Johnson, Bushrod Rust, born in Ohio, appointed from Ohio cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1836; graduated twenty-third in a class of forty-two.
Second lieutenant, Third Infantry, July 1, 1840.
First lieutenant, February 29, 1844.
Resigned October 22, 1847.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

Lieutenant colonel, Corps of Infantry, C. S. A., March 16, 1861.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., December 13, 1861.
Major general, P. A. C. S., February 28, 1863.
Died February 22, 1873.

January 3, 1862, commanding Monterey Line. May 17, 1862, commanding Army of the Northwest. April 30, 1863, commanding Division in Ewell's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, composed of the brigades of Walker, Stewart and J. M. Jones. June 22, 1863, to August 31, 1864, commanding a division in Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. September 1, 1864, assigned command of Anderson's division, Stephen D. Lee's Second Corps, Army of Tennessee. November 30, 1864, same command.

Johnson, Edward, born in Kentucky, appointed from Kentucky cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1833; graduated thirty-second in a class of forty-five.
Second lieutenant of infantry, July 1, 1838.
First lieutenant, October 9, 1839.
Captain, April 15, 1851.
Brevet captain, September 8, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battle of Molino del Rey, Mexico, and
Major, September 13, 1847, for gallant conduct in the battle of Chapultepec, Mexico.
Resigned June 10, 1861.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

Johnson, Richard W., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born near Smithland, Livingston county, Ky., Feb. 7, 1827, and was graduated at West Point in 1849. He was promoted 1st lieutenant of the 2nd cavalry in 1855, was promoted captain in 1856 and served on the Texas frontier until 1861. He was then assigned to the 3d Ky., cavalry with the rank of lieutenant-colonel; was promoted brigadier-general Oct. 11, and, being assigned a brigade in Gen. Buell's army, engaged at Shiloh, Tenn., and served also in Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky. He engaged in the siege of Corinth, commanded a division in the Army of the Ohio in the Tennessee campaign, in July, 1862, was taken prisoner at Gallatin, Aug. 21, 1862, and after his exchange in December, was placed in command of the 12th division of the Army of the Cumberland. He was at Stone's river, Chickamauga, Missionary ridge, and in the Atlanta campaign, engaging in all the battles from Chattanooga to New Hope Church, where he was severely wounded, May 28, 1864. He subsequently commanded a division of cavalry at the battle of Nashville, was brevetted brigadier-general in the regular army, March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services, and at the same time major-general U. S. A. for his services in the field during the war, and he remained on the staff of Gen. Thomas as provost-marshal and judge-advocate of the military district of the Tennessee until 1866, when he was mustered out of the volunteer service. He was retired with the rank of major, Oct. 12, 1867, and with the rank of brigadier-general March 3, 1875. Gen. Johnson was military professor in the University of Missouri, 1868-69, and in the University of Minnesota, 1869-70. He was the unsuccessful candidate of the Democratic party for governor of Minnesota in 1881. He died in St. Paul, Minn., April 21, 1897.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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