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Civil War Soldiers - Jackson

Jackson, Conrad F., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Pennsylvania, Sept. 11, 1813. He was an employee of the Philadelphia & Reading railroad from its beginning until 1861, when he resigned to become colonel of the 9th Penn. reserves. He commanded the regiment in the protection of the national capital and at the battle of Dranesville, Va., and served under Gen. McCall in the Peninsular campaign, being attached to Seymour's brigade and succeeding to the command of the brigade when Seymour took charge of the division. In July, 1862, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general of volunteers and fought at second Bull Run, South mountain and Antietam. He fell while leading a charge in command of the attacking column, at Fredericksburg, Va., and died on the battlefield, Dec. 13, 1862.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Jackson, James S., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Fayette county, Ky., Sept. 27, 1823. He was graduated at Jefferson college, Pa., studied law at Transylvania university, and began practice in 1845. The following year he assisted in organizing a regiment of volunteers for the Mexican war, and served for a time as lieutenant. While in Mexico he became involved in a quarrel with Col. Thomas F. Marshall, which resulted in a duel, whereupon he resigned from the army to escape trial by court-martial. He resumed his law practice at Greenupsburg, and afterward at Hopkinsville, Ky., was elected a representative to the 37th U. S. Congress, and served in the first session from July 4, to Aug. 6, 1861. During the recess in the autumn of 1861, he organized the 3d Ky. cavalry, of which he became colonel. He participated in the battle of Shiloh, where his regiment was in Rousseau's 4th brigade of the 2nd division, and on July 16, 1862, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers. He was assigned to the command of a division of McCook's corps of the Army of the Ohio, and with his division participated in the battles of Iuka and Corinth, and while leading his men at the battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862, received a wound from which he died almost instantly.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Jackson, Nathaniel J., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Newburyport, Mass., July 28, 1818. He became a machinist and at the outbreak of the Civil war was superintendent of the Hill mills at Lewiston, Me. He became colonel of the 1st Maine regiment, May 3, 1861, and on Sept. 3, following, colonel of the 5th Maine infantry. He was wounded at the battle of Gaines' mill, June 27, 1862, was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, Sept. 24, and served as commander of the 2nd brigade, 2nd division, 12th army corps. He was again wounded at Chancellorsville, and when able to leave the hospital was given command of Riker's island and later of Hart island, New York harbor. When able to bear arms he was assigned to command the 1st division, 20th army corps, and took part in Sherman's march to the sea and the invasion of the Carolinas, his last engagement being at Averasboro, N. C., March 16, 1865. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865, and was mustered out of the service Aug. 24 of that year. After the war he became interested in coal mining. He died in Jamestown, N. Y., April 21, 1892.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Jackson, Richard H., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Ireland, July 14, 1830. He migrated to America in early life and, entering the United States army as a private in 1851, he served in Florida against the Seminole Indians and in Nebraska and the western territories, and in Sept., 1859, passed the examinations before a regimental board and the academic board at the U. S. military academy, and was appointed brevet 2nd lieutenant, 4th U. S. artillery. He then served at Fort Monroe and in Texas, being promoted first lieutenant of the 1st artillery, May 14, 1861; engaged in the defense of Fort Pickens and in the capture of Pensacola, Fla.; served in the field with the 10th army corps, Department of the South; was on Folly island, S. C., during the operations against Fort Sumter, and then took part with the Army of the James in the final campaign terminating in the surrender of Lee. He was made brigadier-general of volunteers, May 19, 1865, was brevetted major-general of volunteers, Nov. 24, 1865, for faithful and meritorious services, and was mustered out of the volunteer service, Feb. 1, 1866. In the regular army he received the brevets including that of brigadier- general. Gen. Jackson was promoted major of the 5th artillery, July 5, 1880, and lieutenant-colonel of the 4th artillery, Dec. 4, 1888, serving at various posts. He died Nov. 28, 1892.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Major, Corps of Artillery, April, 1861.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., June 17, 1861.
Major general, P. A. C. S., October 7, 1861.
Lieutenant general, P. A. C. S., October 10, 1862.
Died May 10, 1863, at Guiney's Station, Va., from wounds received at Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863.

Commanding at Harper's Ferry, Va., April 27, 1861. Commanding, July 21, 1861, First Brigade of the Army of the Shenandoah, composed of the Second, Fourth, Fifth, Twenty-seventh and Thirty-third Virginia Regiments Infantry, and Pendleton's Light Battery. Commanding Army of the Monongahela, sometimes called the Army of the Valley. Commanding army corps consisting of the divisions of Jackson (T. J.), A. P. Hill, Ewell and Rodes, Army of Northern Virginia. Commanding Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, composed of the divisions of Early, A. P. Hill, D. H. Hill and two battalions of artillery, from June 1, 1862, to May 2, 1863.

Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, born in Virginia, appointed from Virginia cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1842; graduated seventeenth in a class of fifty-nine.
Brevet second lieutenant, First Artillery, July 1, 1846.
Second lieutenant, March 3, 1847.
First lieutenant, August 20, 1847.
Brevet captain, August 20, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mexico, and
Major, September 13, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct in the battle of Chapultepec, Mexico.
Resigned February 29, 1852.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

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