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Civil War Soldiers - Hurlbut

Hurlbut, Stephen A., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Charleston, S. C., Nov. 29, 1815. He studied law and practised in Charleston until 1845, serving as adjutant in a South Carolina regiment during the Seminole war in Florida, and then moved to Illinois, and practised law in Belvidere. He was a member of the Illinois constitutional convention of 1847, a Taylor and Fillmore elector in 1848 and a member of the legislature, 1859-61. He entered the Federal army at the beginning of the Civil war, being appointed brigadier-general of volunteers, May 17, 1861, was stationed at various posts in Missouri, 1861-62, and after the evacuation of Fort Donelson by the Confederates, in Feb., 1862, was made commander of the fort. When Grant's army moved up the Tennessee river he commanded the 4th division, and arriving at Pittsburg landing a week in advance of reinforcements, he held the place alone. He took part in the battle of Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862, was promoted for his services major-general of volunteers, Sept. 17, 1862, and after the battle of Corinth pursued the retreating Confederates and engaged them in battle at Hatchie bridge, Oct. 6. He was engaged in the Vicksburg campaign from Nov., 1862, and after the reorganization of the forces under Gen. Grant, Dec. 18, 1862, was commander of the 18th army corps. He commanded Memphis in Sept., 1863, led a corps under Sherman in the expedition to Meridian in Feb., 1864, and in May, 1864, succeeded Gen. Banks as commander of the Department of the Gulf, continuing in command until mustered out of the service at the close of the war. Gen. Hurlbut was a pioneer mover in the formation of the order of the Grand Army of the Republic and was its first commander-in-chief, 1866-68. He was a representative in the state legislature in 1867, Republican elector-at-large from Illinois in 1868, and from 1868-73 was U. S. minister to Columbia, S. A., under appointment by President Grant. He then served in Congress until 1877, and was in 1881 appointed by President Garfield minister to Peru. He died in Lima, Peru, March 27, 1882.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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