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Civil War Soldiers - Hooker
|Hooker, Joseph, major-general, U.S.
Army, was born at Hadley, Mass., in 1815, graduated in the military
academy at West Point in 1837, and served in the Mexican war, rising
to the rank of captain of artillery, and the brevet of
lieutenant-colonel in the staff. From 1859 to 1861 he was a colonel in
the California militia. When the Civil war broke out in 1861, he was
made brigadier-general of volunteers and put in command of the
defenses of Washington, Aug. 12, 1861; but his commission was dated
back to May 17. When Gen. McClellan moved to the Peninsula Gen.
Hooker's brigade was added to the command, and for gallant service at
Williamsburg he was promoted to be major-general of volunteers, May 5,
1862. During Gen. Pope's operations before Washington Gen. Hooker was
very active, and at Antietam, Sept. 17, was wounded, and was soon
after promoted to the rank of brigadier-general of the regular army.
At the disastrous repulse of Burnside at Fredericksburg in December,
he commanded the center of the army. In Jan., 1863, he was appointed
to the command of the Army of the Potomac, and on May 2-4 fought and
lost the battle of Chancellorsville. He resigned his command on June
28, and remained in Baltimore waiting orders till Sept. 24, when he
was put in command of the 20th army corps and sent to Chattanooga,
Tenn. He distinguished himself at Lookout valley, Lookout mountain,
Missionary ridge, and Ringgold, Oct 27 to Nov. 27; was actively
engaged in the march to Atlanta; again relieved of command, July 30,
1864; in command successively of the Northern, Eastern, and Lake
departments, and of the retiring board till Sept. 1, 1866. He was
brevetted major- general of the United States army in March, 1865, and
in consequence of disability put upon the retired list, with the full
rank of major-general, in 1868. He died at Garden City, L. I., Oct.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908