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Civil War Soldiers - Hicks

Hicks, Thomas H., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Dorchester county, Md., in 1789, frequently served in the legislature of that state; was governor from 1858 to 1862; was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers on July 22, 1862, but declined; and was elected a senator in Congress upon the death of James A. Pearce, taking his seat during the third session of the 37th Congress, and was re-elected for the term ending in 1867, serving on the Committee upon Naval Affairs, and that on Claims. His firmness and adroit management were among the most efficient means of saving Maryland to the Union, when the secession mania began to sweep over the South. He refused to call a special meeting of the legislature to consider an ordinance of secession, and by this most judicious act saved his state from the headlong measures that in the heat of the moment would probably have been taken. This gave time for second thought and the Union element rallied. When the attack on the 6th Mass. infantry was made in Baltimore, Gov. Hicks issued a proclamation declaring that all his authority would be exercised in favor of the government. Before the legislature assembled Baltimore was strongly garrisoned and the state saved. In his public career he ever proved himself strong and steadfast against political pressure. He died suddenly of paralysis at Washington on Feb. 13, 1865.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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