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Civil War Soldiers - Hicks
|Hicks, Thomas H., brigadier-general,
U.S. Army, was born in Dorchester county, Md., in 1789, frequently
served in the legislature of that state; was governor from 1858 to
1862; was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers on July 22,
1862, but declined; and was elected a senator in Congress upon the
death of James A. Pearce, taking his seat during the third session of
the 37th Congress, and was re-elected for the term ending in 1867,
serving on the Committee upon Naval Affairs, and that on Claims. His
firmness and adroit management were among the most efficient means of
saving Maryland to the Union, when the secession mania began to sweep
over the South. He refused to call a special meeting of the
legislature to consider an ordinance of secession, and by this most
judicious act saved his state from the headlong measures that in the
heat of the moment would probably have been taken. This gave time for
second thought and the Union element rallied. When the attack on the
6th Mass. infantry was made in Baltimore, Gov. Hicks issued a
proclamation declaring that all his authority would be exercised in
favor of the government. Before the legislature assembled Baltimore
was strongly garrisoned and the state saved. In his public career he
ever proved himself strong and steadfast against political pressure.
He died suddenly of paralysis at Washington on Feb. 13, 1865.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908