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Civil War Soldiers - Herron

Herron, Francis J., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Pittsburg, Pa., Feb. 17, 1837, was educated at the Western University of Pennsylvania and moved west, becoming a merchant in Dubuque, Ia., where he organized and became captain of the "Governor's Greys" in 1861. He entered the volunteer service in April, 1861, as captain in the 1st Iowa regiment, and commanded his company at Dug springs, Ozark and Wilson's creek, and in Sept., 1861, was made lieutenant-colonel of the 9th Iowa regiment, which he commanded in the campaign of Gen. S. R. Curtis in 1862, in Missouri, Arkansas and the Indian territory. For gallantry at Pea ridge, where he was wounded and taken prisoner, he was promoted brigadier- general, July 16, 1862, and he commanded the army of the frontier in its forced march of 114 miles in three days to relieve Gen. James G. Blunt at Prairie Grove, fighting in the battle of Dec. 7 and winning by this action promotion to major-general of volunteers. Subsequently Gen. Herron captured Van Buren, Ark., was in command of the left wing of the investing forces at Vicksburg and of the combined forces of army and navy that invested and captured Yazoo City, and was with Capt. John G. Walker on board the U. S. gunboat "De Kalb" when that vessel was blown up by a torpedo. He was then in command of the 13th army corps on the Texas coast, where, with headquarters at Brownsville, he prevented the smuggling of cotton into Mexico across the Rio Grande, and as confidential agent of the state department aided President Juarez in preventing French troops establishing posts on the frontier. Being transferred to Baton Rouge, La., in March, 1865, as commander of the northern division of the state, he co-operated with Gen. Canby in his operations against Mobile, and subsequently against Gen. Richard Taylor, and in May, 1865, he negotiated and received the formal surrender of the Trans-Mississippi army including all the forces west of the Mississippi river. He was appointed in July, 1865, a commissioner to negotiate treaties with the Indian tribes, which commission, as well as that of major- general of volunteers, he resigned in August. He then practised law in New Orleans, was United States marshal of the district of Louisiana from 1867-69, secretary of state of Louisiana in 1872- 73, and then took up his residence in New York, where he practised his profession and became a prominent member of the G. A. R. and the Loyal Legion. Gen. Herron died Jan. 8, 1902.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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