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Civil War Soldiers - Hays

Hays, Alexander, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Franklin, Pa., July 8, 1819, and was graduated at the United States military academy in 1844. He served in the Mexican war as 2nd lieutenant in the 8th infantry, distinguishing himself in the battle near Atlixco, then resigned his commission, in 1848, and was an iron manufacturer in Venango county, Pa., 1848-50, assistant engineer on rail- roads in 1850-54, and after that until the outbreak of the Civil war a civil engineer in Pittsburg. When the war began he re-entered the national service as colonel of the 63d Penn. regiment and was given the rank of captain in the regular army to date from May 14, 1861. He served in the Peninsula with the 1st brigade of Kearny's division of Heintzelman's corps, and his service at Williamsburg and in the Seven Days' battles won him promotion to the brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel U. S. A. He was wounded at second Bull Run, Aug. 30, 1862, and his services there and in this campaign won him promotion to brigadier-general of volunteers, Sept. 29, 1862. He was wounded at Chancellorsville, while at the head of his brigade, and at Gettysburg he commanded the 3d division of Hancock's corps, aided in holding Cemetery ridge, and in the latter part of the battle, when Hancock was wounded, had temporary command of the 2nd corps. Upon the reorganization of the army Gen. Hays was placed in command of the 2nd brigade of Birney's 3d division of the 2nd army corps. He led his brigade in the battle of the Wilderness, and at the junction of the Germanna plank road with the Brock road, during the terrible struggle which was the feature of the first day's fighting, he was killed, May 5, 1864. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers for gallantry.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

HAYS, HARRY T., Louisiana.
Colonel, Sixth Louisiana Infantry, __, 1861.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., July 25, 1862.
Major general, P. A. C. S., April , 1865.
Died at New Orleans, August 21, 1876.

Brigade composed of the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Ninth Louisiana Regiments Infantry, Early's Division, Jackson's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

Hays, William, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Richmond, Va., in 1819. He was graduated at West Point in 1840, served throughout the Mexican war as 1st lieutenant of artillery, being wounded at Molino del Rey and brevetted captain and major. He was promoted captain in 1853, served in the Seminole war, 1853-54, was then on frontier duty, and in the Civil war commanded a brigade of flying artillery, 1861-62. He was present at Antietam, and at Fredericksburg, where he commanded the right division of the artillery reserve, was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, Nov. 29, 1862, and at Chancellorsville, in May, 1863, where he commanded the 2nd brigade, 3d division, 2nd army corps, he was wounded and taken prisoner. On his recovery he was exchanged and promoted major in the regular service, and, rejoining the army at Gettysburg, was appointed provost-marshal of the southern district of New York. His commission expiring in Feb., 1865, he rejoined his regiment at Petersburg and served with the 2nd corps, being in command of the reserve artillery until the close of the war. He was brevetted brigadier-general U. S. A. on March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious service in the field during the war, and was mustered out of the volunteer service Jan. 15, 1866. He subsequently served at various posts, and was in command of Fort Independence, Boston harbor, 1873-75. He died in Boston, Mass., Feb. 7, 1875.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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