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Civil War Soldiers - Hayes

Hayes, Joseph, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in South Berwick, Me., Sept. 14, 1835, was educated at Harvard college and became a civil and mining engineer. He was commissioned major of the 18th Mass. regiment, July 26, 1861; lieutenant-colonel, Aug. 25, 1862, colonel Nov. 30, 1862, and brigadier-general, May 12, 1864. He was taken prisoner and held for six months by the Confederates in Libby prison, Richmond, Va., and upon rejoining the army, April 2, 1865, he commanded the advance brigade, Army of the Potomac, at the Appomattox surrender, April 9, 1865. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865, for gallantry in action on the Weldon railroad, Va., and was mustered out of the service, Aug. 24, 1865, at his own request, having declined an appointment offered him as field officer in the regular army. He then went to South America, where he introduced the hydraulic system in the mines of Columbia, and on his return engaged in business in New York as a broker and as president of a coal company.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Hayes, Rutherford B., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Delaware, Ohio, Oct. 4, 1822. He prepared for college at an academy at Norwalk, Ohio, and at Isaac Webb's preparatory school in Middletown, Conn., and was graduated at Kenyon college, in 1842, valedictorian of his class, receiving his A.M. degree in 1875. He was graduated at Harvard LL.B. in 1845, practised law in Lower Sandusky, and in 1849 removed to Cincinnati, where he was city solicitor, 1858-61. At a mass-meeting held at Cincinnati upon receiving the news that Fort Sumter had been fired upon, he was made chairman of a committee on resolutions to give vent to the feelings of the people, and upon the president's call for volunteers he organized a company from the literary club of Cincinnati, and was elected its captain. On June 7, 1861, he was appointed by Gov. Dennison major of the 23d Ohio volunteers, and in July he accompanied the regiment to the seat of war in West Virginia. He was judge- advocate of the Department of Ohio, Sept. -Oct., 1861; was promoted lieutenant-colonel Oct. 24, receiving promotion to colonel a year later. Col. Hayes saw active service in the field in 1861-62, distinguishing himself first in the battle of South mountain, Sept. 14, 1862, when, although severely wounded in the arm, he led a gallant charge and held his position at the head of his men until carried from the field. Upon recovering he took command of his regiment in the field, and in the operations against Morgan at the time of the latter's raid into Ohio, commanded two regiments and a section of artillery, and aided in preventing the escape of the Confederate general across the river, thus compelling Morgan to surrender. He commanded a brigade in Gen. Crook's expedition to cut the principal lines of communication between Richmond and the southwest, in the spring of 1864, and distinguished himself at Cloyd's mountain, May 9, 1864, by storming at the head of his brigade a strongly fortified Confederate position. He was conspicuous also in the first battle of Winchester and in the battle of Berryville, and in the second battle of Winchester, Sept. 19, 1864, showed great and unusual gallantry in leading an assault upon a battery across a morass over 50 yards wide. His horse becoming mired in the morass, Col. Hayes dismounted, waded across on foot, under fire of the enemy, and then, finding himself alone in front of the battery, signalled to his men to follow. When but about 40 had crossed, the little band charged the battery and, after a hard hand-to-hand fight, drove away the gunners. He again distinguished himself at Fisher's hill, routing the enemy by a skillful flank movement, and his action on the battle field at Cedar creek, Oct. 19, 1864, secured his commission as brigadier-general at the request of Gen. Crook. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865, for "gallant and distinguished services in the campaign of 1864 in West Virginia, and especially at the battles of Fisher's hill and Cedar creek, Va." Gen. Hayes was elected representative of the 2nd district of Ohio in the 39th Congress, took his seat Dec. 4, 1865, was re-elected to the 40th Congress, and was then for two terms governor of Ohio. He was nominated for Congress in 1872, declined at first, but, afterward accepting, was defeated by 1,500 votes. In 1873 he declined to permit the use of his name for United States senator, and announced his intention of retiring to private life. He was, however, called upon in 1875, much against his will, to take the Republican nomination for governor, and was elected by over 5,000 votes, and as an advocate of sound currency and opposed to an unlimited issue of paper money, he became a prominent figure in national politics. When the Republican national convention met in Cincinnati, June 14, 1876, his name was presented as a candidate for president, as were those of James G. Blaine, Oliver P. Morton, Benjamin F. Bristow, Roscoe Conkling and John F. Hartranft, and on the seventh ballot, owing to opposition to Mr. Blaine, Gen. Hayes was nominated. Samuel J. Tilden of New York was nominated by the Democrats, and the election was unusually close, Hayes being, however, finally declared president after a long and bitter dispute. During his administration he favored a sound currency policy and advocated extension of the civil service system. After his term of office had expired he assisted in the inauguration of James A. Garfield as president, and then retired to his home in Fremont, Ohio, where he devoted much of his time to benevolent enterprises. He died in Fremont, Ohio, Jan. 13, 1893.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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