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Civil War Soldiers - Hardin

Hardin, Martin D., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Jacksonville, Ill., June 26, 1837, was graduated at West Point in 1859 and served until the outbreak of the Civil war at Fortress Monroe and in Washington territory. He then served in the defences of Washington and with McClellan at Yorktown, and, after some time on sick leave, fought in the Seven Day's battles. He became lieutenant-colonel in July and colonel in Sept., 1862, of the 12th Penn. reserve regiment, and led his regiment with distinction at Mine run and Gettysburg. He lost his arm in an engagement with guerrillas near the close of the year 1863, but returned to active service the following spring and commanded a brigade, being wounded at North Anna and distinguishing himself at Bethesda Church. He was then put in command of the defences of Washington north of the Potomac river and promoted brigadier-general, and in July, 1864, rendered important service by holding Early in check until the arrival of the 6th corps. He was assigned to command the district of North Carolina, Aug. 15, 1865, was commissioned major of the 43d veteran reserve in July, 1866, and in 1870 was retired from active duty with the rank of brigadier- general in the regular army, having been advanced by brevet to this grade, through the intervening ranks for gallantry on numerous occasions. He then studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practised in Chicago.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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