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Civil War Soldiers - Hammond

Hammond, William A., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Annapolis, Md., Aug. 28, 1828. He was graduated M. D. at the University of the City of New York in 1848 and entered the U. S. army in 1849 as assistant surgeon with the rank of 1st lieutenant. After eleven years spent on the frontier he resigned in Oct., 1860, to become professor of anatomy and physiology in the University of Maryland, but reentered the army, May, 1861, as assistant surgeon, and organized United States hospitals at Hagerstown, Frederick and Baltimore. Upon the reorganization of the medical department he was appointed surgeon-general of the U. S. army with the rank of brigadier-general U. S. A. in April, 1862, through the urgent request of Gen. McClellan and the United States sanitary commission. He instituted radical changes in the management of his office, established the army medical museum by special order, and increased the efficiency of the field, camp and permanent hospital service many fold, making it fully competent to handle an army of 1,000,000 men. On account of charges preferred against him of irregularity in the award of liquor contracts, he was tried by court-martial and dismissed from the army in Aug., 1864, but in 1879, upon a review of the court-martial proceedings made by the president, he was restored to his place on the army rolls as surgeon- general and brigadier-general and placed on the retired list. Upon leaving the army Dr. Hammond practiced medicine in New York city, attaining prominence as an authority on nervous diseases, on which he delivered many lectures before medical students. He was the author of a number of technical works, mainly on diseases of the nervous system, and of several novels. He died in Washington, D. C., Jan. 5, 1900.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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