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Civil War Soldiers - Griffin

Griffin, Charles, major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Licking county, Ohio, in 1826, and was graduated at the United States military academy in 1847. In the Mexican war he commanded a company under Gen. Patterson in the campaign from Vera Cruz to Puebla, and after the war served against the Navajo Indians, on general frontier service, and then as instructor in artillery practice at West Point, until 1861, having been promoted 1st lieutenant in 1849. He commanded the "West Point Battery" in the first battle of Bull Run, was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers June 9, 1862, and served with McClellan's army, distinguishing himself for action at Gaines' mill ; commanded the artillery at Malvern hill, where he supported his brigade against the assault of Gen. Magruder, and contributed largely to the success of the day. He was ordered to support Pope at Manassas and after the battle was arrested on charge of refraining from taking part in the action and "spending the day in making ill-natured strictures upon the commanding general." He was tried and acquitted and was promoted to command a division, which he led at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and in all the engagements from the Wilderness to Five Forks. He commanded the 5th army corps at Appomattox, and, by direction of Gen. Grant, received the arms and colors of the Army of Northern Virginia after the surrender. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers, Aug. 1, 1864; colonel in the regular army, Aug. 18, 1864, and brigadier-general and major- general U. S. A. May 13, 1865. He was promoted colonel of the 35th infantry, July 28, 1866, commanded the District of Maine in 1865-66, the Department of Texas with headquarters at Galveston, 1866-67, and after the removal of Gen. Sheridan, the Department of the Gulf. When ordered to transfer his headquarters to New Orleans from Galveston, as the yellow fever was epidemic in the latter city, he refused to obey, replying to the order that "to leave Galveston at such a time was like deserting one's post in time of battle." He died of yellow fever at Galveston, Tex., Sept. 15, 1867.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Griffin, Simon G., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Nelson, N. H., Aug. 9, 1824. He was educated at Roxbury, N. H., taught school, represented his native town in the state legislature, 1859-60, studied law and was admitted to the bar, and in 1860 began to practice in Concord. Being commissioned captain in the 2nd N. H. volunteers at the beginning of the Civil war, he fought at Bull Run, was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 6th N. H. regiment in the fall of 1861, commanded his regiment in Burnside's expedition to North Carolina in Jan., 1862, and on April 22 was promoted colonel. He distinguished himself in April by capturing, with 600 men and the aid of five gun-boats, a number of prisoners and stands of arms at Elizabeth City, N. C., and again at Camden, where his regiment fought with such notable gallantry that it was permitted to inscribe "Camden, April 19, 1862," upon its colors. He commanded a brigade at second Bull Run, Chantilly and South mountain, and at Antietam he charged the stone bridge and carried it in the face of a heavy fire. He was present at Fredericksburg, where his regiment lost one-third its number, and in May, 1863, was given permanent command of the 1st brigade, 2nd division, 9th army corps, and with it joined Sherman in the defense of the rear of Grant's army before Vicksburg. He then joined Burnside at Knoxville, commanded Camp Nelson, Ky., where he was at the head of 9,000 troops, and in 1864 joined the Army of the Potomac on the Rapidan, commanding his brigade in the battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania Court House, and so distinguishing himself in the last named battle that on Gen. Grant's recommendation he was promoted brigadier-general. Gen. Griffin commanded a brigade at the North Anna, Totopotomy, Bethesda church and Cold Harbor, and commanded two brigades in the assault on Petersburg, carrying the works and capturing 1,000 prisoners, together with arms, ammunition and artillery. On April 2, 1865, he arranged and planned the assault at "Fort Hell," and for gallant conduct was brevetted major-general of volunteers, participating afterward in the pursuit and capture of Lee's army. He was mustered out of the volunteer service, Aug. 24, 1865, declined an appointment in the regular army and returned to New Hampshire, where he was a representative in the state legislature, 1867-69, was chairman of the Republican state convention in 1868, and in 1888 commander of the Massachusetts commandery of the military order of the Loyal Legion. He subsequently became extensively interested in land and railroad enterprises in Texas and devoted much time to literary work. Gen. Griffin died Jan. 14, 1902.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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