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Civil War Soldiers - Gillem

Gillem, Alvan C., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Jackson county, Tenn., July 29, 1830, was graduated at West Point in 1851 and saw active service against the Seminoles in 1851-52. He became a captain, May 14, 1861, served as brigade quartermaster, was brevetted major for gallantry at Mill Springs, and was in command of the siege artillery and chief quartermaster of the Army of Ohio in the Tennessee campaign, 1861-62, being engaged at Shiloh and in the siege of Corinth. He was made colonel of the 10th Tenn. volunteers, May 13, 1862, was provost-marshal of Nashville, commanded a brigade in the operations in Tennessee during the first half of the year 1863, and afterward served as adjutant-general of the state of Tennessee, being promoted brigadier-general Aug. 17, 1863. He commanded troops guarding the Nashville & Northwestern railroad from July, 1863, to Aug., 1864, then took command of the expedition to eastern Tennessee, engaging in many combats and being brevetted colonel for bravery at Marion, Tenn. For bravery on the field of battle he received the brevet ranks up to and including major-general, U. S. A., receiving the highest brevet, April 12, 1865, for the capture of Salisbury, N. C., which he took in an expedition to North Carolina, having previously commanded a cavalry expedition to East Tennessee. When the state government of Tennessee was organized in 1865, Gen. Gillem was vice-president of the convention and was chosen a member of the first legislature elected under the new constitution. He was promoted colonel in the regular army, July 28, 1866, commanded the District of Mississippi in 1867- 68, served on the Texas frontier and in California, and in 1873 led the troops against the Modoc Indians at the Lava Beds. He died near Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 2, 1875.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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