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Civil War Soldiers - Gibbs

Gibbs, Alfred, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in New York April 22, 1823. He was graduated at West Point in 1846 and served in the Mexican war, winning the brevet of 1st lieutenant for gallantry at Cerro Gordo and captain for services at Garita de Belen, City of Mexico, engaging also at Vera Cruz, Contreras, Churubusco, and Chapultepec. After the war he was assigned to the staff of Gen. Persifal F. Smith, with whom he served in Mexico, Texas and California, was promoted 1st lieutenant, May 31, 1853, and served on the frontier until the Civil war, engaging in several Indian expeditions and serving in New Mexico, 1860-61. He was promoted captain, May 13, 1861, was subsequently taken prisoner by the Confederates, at San Augustine springs, N. M., and paroled until exchanged, Aug, 27, 1862. He became colonel of the 130th N. Y. regiment Sept. 6, was engaged in the operations about Suffolk until June, 1863, and in July and August of that year reorganized his regiment as the 1st N. Y. dragoons. He commanded a cavalry brigade, 1864-65, serving under Sheridan in several raids, was brevetted major, June 11, 1864, for services at Trevilian Station, Va., lieutenant-colonel for gallantry at Winchester, Va., and on Oct. 19, 1864, was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers. He commanded a cavalry brigade in the final attack and pursuit of the army of Northern Virginia in March and April, 1865, was present at the surrender of Lee, and commanded a cavalry division in the department of the Gulf, 1865- 66. On March 13, 1865, he received all the brevets up to and including major-general in the regular army, for services during the war. He was mustered out of the volunteer service, Feb. 1, 1866, became major of the 7th cavalry in July, and served in various forts in Kansas until his death, which occurred at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., Dec. 26, 1868.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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