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Civil War Soldiers - Gibbon

Gibbon, John, major-general, U.S. Army, was born near Holmesburg, Pa., April 20, 1827, and was graduated at the United States military academy in 1847. In the Mexican war he served as 2nd lieutenant of artillery at the City of Mexico and at Toluca, and was then on frontier and garrison duty, served in the Seminole war, was instructor at West Point, 1854-57, and quartermaster, 1856-59. He was made chief of artillery in Gen. McDowell's division, Oct. 29, 1861, and brigadier-general of volunteers, May 2, 1862. He commanded a brigade through the Northern Virginia, Maryland, Rappahannock, and Pennsylvania campaigns of 1862-63, was brevetted major in the regular army, Sept. 17, 1862, for gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Antietam; lieutenant-colonel, Dec. 13, 1862, for Fredericksburg, where he was so severely wounded as to be disabled for service for three months, and colonel, July 4, 1863, for services at Gettysburg, where he was severely wounded while in command of the 2nd corps and disabled for four months. When he was able to return to service he was in command of the draft depot in Philadelphia until March 21, 1864, when he was assigned to a division in the 2nd corps, becoming major-general of volunteers, June 7, 1864, and being engaged at the Wilderness, Spottsylvania and Cold Harbor. He commanded the 24th army corps after Jan. 15, 1865, and was before Petersburg from June, 1864, to April, 1865, taking part in the assaults of the last two days and carrying two redoubts. He was brevetted brigadier-general and major-general U. S. A., March 13, 1865, and was one of the commissioners to carry into effect the stipulations of Lee's surrender. He was mustered out of the volunteer service, Jan. 15, 1866. After the war Gen. Gibbon commanded various posts as colonel, first of the 36th and then of the 7th infantry, commanded the Yellowstone expedition against Sitting Bull in 1876, fought Chief Joseph and the Nez Perces at Big Hole pass in 1877, where he was wounded, commanded the Department of the Columbia, 1885, and then, until his retirement, April 20, 1891, the Department of the Pacific. He was promoted brigadier-general U. S. A., July 10, 1885. Gen. Gibbon died in Baltimore, Md., Feb. 6, 1896.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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