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Civil War Soldiers - Gibbon
|Gibbon, John, major-general, U.S.
Army, was born near Holmesburg, Pa., April 20, 1827, and was graduated
at the United States military academy in 1847. In the Mexican war he
served as 2nd lieutenant of artillery at the City of Mexico and at
Toluca, and was then on frontier and garrison duty, served in the
Seminole war, was instructor at West Point, 1854-57, and
quartermaster, 1856-59. He was made chief of artillery in Gen.
McDowell's division, Oct. 29, 1861, and brigadier-general of
volunteers, May 2, 1862. He commanded a brigade through the Northern
Virginia, Maryland, Rappahannock, and Pennsylvania campaigns of
1862-63, was brevetted major in the regular army, Sept. 17, 1862, for
gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Antietam;
lieutenant-colonel, Dec. 13, 1862, for Fredericksburg, where he was so
severely wounded as to be disabled for service for three months, and
colonel, July 4, 1863, for services at Gettysburg, where he was
severely wounded while in command of the 2nd corps and disabled for
four months. When he was able to return to service he was in command
of the draft depot in Philadelphia until March 21, 1864, when he was
assigned to a division in the 2nd corps, becoming major-general of
volunteers, June 7, 1864, and being engaged at the Wilderness,
Spottsylvania and Cold Harbor. He commanded the 24th army corps after
Jan. 15, 1865, and was before Petersburg from June, 1864, to April,
1865, taking part in the assaults of the last two days and carrying
two redoubts. He was brevetted brigadier-general and major-general U.
S. A., March 13, 1865, and was one of the commissioners to carry into
effect the stipulations of Lee's surrender. He was mustered out of the
volunteer service, Jan. 15, 1866. After the war Gen. Gibbon commanded
various posts as colonel, first of the 36th and then of the 7th
infantry, commanded the Yellowstone expedition against Sitting Bull in
1876, fought Chief Joseph and the Nez Perces at Big Hole pass in 1877,
where he was wounded, commanded the Department of the Columbia, 1885,
and then, until his retirement, April 20, 1891, the Department of the
Pacific. He was promoted brigadier-general U. S. A., July 10, 1885.
Gen. Gibbon died in Baltimore, Md., Feb. 6, 1896.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908