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Civil War Soldiers - French
|FRENCH, S. G., Mississippi.
Lieutenant colonel, chief of ordnance, Army of State of Mississippi,
February 12, 1861.
Major, Corps of Artillery, C. S. A., April 2, 1861.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., October 23, 1861.
Major general, P. A. C. S., August 31, 1862.
From November 14, 1861, to March 8, 1862, commanding at Evansport,
Va., blockading Potomac River.
Brigade composed of Colonel Judge's Alabama Regiment, Colonel W. B.
Bate's Second Tennessee Regiment, Colonel J. J. Pettigrew's
Twenty-second North Carolina Regiment, Colonel Thomas' Georgia
Regiment, Colonel Brockenbrough's Fortieth Virginia Regiment, Colonel
Fagan's Arkansas Regiment, Colonel Walker's Arkansas Regiment, Major
Bronaugh's Arkansas Battalion, Captains Walker's and Swann's Companies
of Florida Cavalry, and Light Batteries of Captains Chatard and
McCorkle ; Lieutenants Simms and Wood, C. S. N., co-operating.
March 14, 1862, relieved General L. O'B. Branch, in command at
Newbern, N. C.
March 17, 1862, assumed command of forces at Kingston, N. C.
March 20, 1862, assumed command at Wilmington, N. C.
July 17, 1862, ordered to the command of the Department of Southern
Virginia and North Carolina ; headquarters at Petersburg, Va.
In command of line of defense from the Appomattox and James Rivers.
July 31, 1862, moved to Coggin's Point with infantry and artillery.
June — , 1863, ordered to report to General J. E. Johnston, at
Command, at various times in 1862, composed of brigades of Pettigrew,
Ransom, Martin, Clingman, Daniels, Jenkins, Davis, Stone, Pryor,
Evans, Cook and Colston.
Division, in 1863, at Jackson, Miss., composed of the brigades of
Maxey, McNair and Evans.
In ___, 1864, division composed of the brigades of Cockerell, Ector
French, Samuel Gibb, born in New Jersey, appointed from New Jersey
cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1839; graduated
fourteenth in a class of thirty-nine.
Brevet second lieutenant, Third Artillery, July 1, 1843.
Second lieutenant, June 18, 1846.
First lieutenant, March 3, 1847.
Captain, acting quartermaster, January 12, 1848.
Brevet first lieutenant, September 23, 1846, for gallant and
meritorious conduct in the several conflicts at Monterey, Mexico, and
Captain, February 23, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct in the
battle of Buena Vista, Mexico.
Resigned May 31, 1856.
Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate
States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898
|French, William H., major-general,
U.S. Army, was born in Baltimore, Md., Jan. 13, 1815. He was graduated
at the U. S. military academy in 1837, served in the Florida war and
on the Canadian frontier as second lieutenant of artillery, and in the
Mexican war, where he was aide-de-camp to Gen. Franklin Pierce, and on
the staff of Gen. Patterson. He was engaged at the siege of Vera Cruz,
the battles of Churubusco and Contreras, and the capture of the City
of Mexico, receiving the brevet of captain for gallantry at Cerro
Gordo, and major for service at the capture of the Mexican capital. He
served against the Seminole Indians in Florida, 1850-52, and on
frontier and garrison duty, and in 1861 was commissioned
brigadier-general of volunteers and assigned to McClellan's army
operating against Richmond. He was engaged at Yorktown, Fair Oaks,
Oakgrove, Gaines' mill, Peach Orchard, Savage Station, Glendale and
Malvern hill. He commanded a division in Sumner's corps during the
Maryland campaign at the battles of Antietam and Fredericksburg, and
was soon afterward appointed major-general of volunteers. He was given
command of the 9th army corps in July, 1863, commanded it in the
operations at Mine run from Nov., 1863, to May, 1864, and was
honorably mustered out of the volunteer service May 6, 1864. Having
received the intervening brevets, he was brevetted brigadier- general
and major-general U. S. A. for services in the war, March 13, 1865.
Gen. French subsequently served on the Pacific coast, 1865- 72, and
commanded Fort McHenry, Baltimore, until July 1, 1880, when he was
retired at his own request. He died in Baltimore, Md., May 20, 1881.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908