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Civil War Soldiers - Force
|Force, Manning F., brigadier-general,
U.S. Army, was born in Washington, D. C., Dec. 17, 1824. He was
graduated at Harvard in 1845 and from the Harvard law school in 1848,
moved to Ohio in 1849 and began the practice of law in Cincinnati in
that year. At the beginning of the Civil war he joined the Union army
as major of the 20th Ohio volunteers, was promoted lieutenant-colonel
Sept. 11, 1861, and served with Grant at Fort Donelson and Shiloh. He
was promoted colonel of his regiment May 1, 1862, served with Gen.
Grant in the campaign of southwestern Tennessee and north Mississippi
in 1862-63, and on Aug. 11, 1863, was promoted brigadier- general of
volunteers for service at the siege of Vicksburg. In the Meridian and
Atlanta campaigns and the march to the sea he commanded a brigade in
Sherman's army, and in the campaign of the Carolinas he commanded a
division. For special gallantry before Atlanta, where he was severely
wounded, he was brevetted major- general of volunteers, March 13,
1865, and subsequently commanded a military district in Mississippi
until mustered out in Jan., 1866. For his services at Atlanta he was
also awarded a medal of honor by Congress, May 31, 1892. After the war
Gen. Force was judge of the court of common pleas at Cincinnati,
1867-77, of the superior court, 1877-87, and then superintendent until
1899 of the soldiers' home at Sandusky, Ohio. He was the author of
numerous historical and biographical works on the Civil war, and a
member of various learned societies. He died at Soldiers' Home,
Sandusky, Ohio, May 8, 1899.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908