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Civil War Soldiers - Fairchild

Fairchild, Lucius, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born at Franklin Mills, now Kent, Ohio, Dec. 27, 1831. He attended the public schools in Cleveland and the Twinsburg (Ohio) academy, moved to Madison, Wis., in 1846 and continued his education at Carroll college, Waukesha, Wis., until 1849, when he joined a caravan party organized at Madison and crossed the plains to California. He returned to Madison not much richer then when he left, was clerk of the circuit court of Dane county, 1859-60, and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. Joining, in 1858, a volunteer company known as the "governor's guard," he rose to 1st lieutenant in March, 1861, and in April, 1861, became its captain, the company having been mustered in as company K, 1st Wis. volunteers. After taking part in the skirmish at Falling Waters, Va., the regiment was mustered out, and on Aug. 5, 1861, Capt. Fairchild was promoted to the rank of captain in the regular army and assigned to the 16th U. S. infantry. He obtained leave of absence and was appointed major and then lieutenant-colonel of the 2nd Wis. infantry, and in the 2nd battle of Bull Run he commanded the consolidated 2nd and 7th Wis. regiments, forming part of the famous "iron brigade." He was promoted colonel, to date from Aug. 30, 1862, and on Sept. 14, stormed and carried Turner's gap, South mountain, pursuing the enemy through Boonsboro to Antietam creek, where, on the 17th, although sick, he was lifted to his horse and commanded his regiment through "the bloodiest day that America ever saw." He commanded his regiment also in the battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, winning for skill and gallantry there special commendation from Gen. Meredith, and in Jan., 1863, commanded the expedition to Heathsville, Va., which secured valuable stores and important information, and destroyed several blockade runners on the river. He rendered important service at Chancellorsville, and at Gettysburg led a charge up Seminary hill, losing his left arm. While recovering from his wounds he was commissioned brigadier- general of volunteers, Oct. 19, 1863, and on Nov. 2, 1863, he was mustered out of the service. He was then secretary of state of Wisconsin, 1864-65; governor of Wisconsin, 1866-72; U. S. consul at Liverpool, 1873-78; president of the National soldiers' and sailors' convention, 1878; U. S. consul-general at Paris, 1878-80 and U. S. minister and envoy plenipotentiary to Spain, 1880-81. He was department commander, G. A. R., 1886; commander-in-chief of the organization, 1887; commander of the Wisconsin commandery of the military order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, 1890- 93, and commander-in-chief, 1893-94. He was also a promoter and officer of various state and national military homes and beneficent organizations. Gen. Fairchild died in Madison, Wis., May 23, 1896.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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