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Civil War Soldiers - Ewing

Ewing, Charles, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Lancaster, Ohio, March 6, 1835. He was educated at the Dominican college and at the University of Virginia, studied law and was admitted to the bar, and when the Civil war broke out was practising law in St. Louis, Mo. He was commissioned captain in the 13th infantry, May 14, 1861, and afterward served on the staff of his brother-in-law, Gen. William T. Sherman. For his action at Vicksburg, where he planted the flag of his battalion on the parapet of the Confederate fort, receiving in this accomplishment a severe wound, he was brevetted major, July 4, 1863, and for gallant and meritorious services at Jackson, Collierville and Missionary ridge, and in the Atlanta campaign, he was brevetted lieutenant-colonel Sept. 1, 1864. He was brevetted colonel in the regular army, March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services during the war. He was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, March 8, 1865, and resigned his commission July 31, 1867. Gen. Ewing then opened a successful law practice in Washington, D. C, and died in Washington, June 20, 1883.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Ewing, Hugh, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Lancaster, Ohio, Oct. 31, 1826, and was educated at the United States military academy. Going to California at the time of the gold fever in 1849, he went to High Sierra in an expedition sent out by his father, then secretary of the interior, to rescue snowbound emigrants, and returned by way of Panama in 1852, as bearer of despatches to Washington. He then resumed his law studies in Lancaster, practised law from 1854 to 1856 in St. Louis, practising after that in Leavenworth, Kan., and in 1858 removed to Ohio to take charge of his father's salt works. He was appointed by Gov. Dennison brigade-inspector of Ohio volunteers, in April, 1861, and served under Rosecrans and McClellan in western Virginia. He was made colonel of the 30th Ohio infantry, Aug. 20, 1861, was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, Nov. 29, 1862, and on March 13, 1865, was given the brevet rank of major-general of volunteers for gallant and meritorious service during the war. He led the assault at South mountain which drove the enemy from the summit, led a brigade in a brilliant charge at Antietam, and served throughout the campaign before Vicksburg, leading assaults made by Gen. Sherman, and upon its fall was placed in command of a division. At Chattanooga his division formed the advance of Sherman's army and carried Missionary ridge. He was ordered to South Carolina in 1865, and was planning a secret expedition up the Roanoke river to co-operate with the Army of the James, when Lee surrendered. After the war Gen. Ewing served as United States minister to Holland from 1866 to 1870, and then retired to a farm near Lancaster, Ohio.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Ewing, Thomas, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Lancaster, Ohio, Aug. 7, 1829, and was educated at Brown university, leaving college to act as private secretary to President Taylor, 1849-50. He studied law in Cincinnati and began to practice his profession there, but moved to Leavenworth, Kan., in 1856, became a member of the Leavenworth constitutional convention of 1858, and in 1861 was elected chief justice of the state. In 1862 he resigned his judgeship, recruited and became colonel of the 11th Kan. volunteers, and with his regiment fought in the battles of Fort Wayne, Cane hill and Prairie Grove. He was made brigadier-general March 13, 1863, for gallantry at Prairie Grove, and checked the invasion of Missouri in Sept. -Oct., 1864, by holding Fort Davidson, at Pilot Knob, with about 1,100 men, against the repeated attacks of the Confederate forces under Price. He made a successful retreat to Rolla in 1864, and on March 13, 1865, was brevetted major-general of volunteers for meritorious services at the battle of Pilot Knob. He resigned from the army, Feb. 26, 1865, and practised law in Washington, but returned to Lancaster in 1871, and from 1877-81 was a member of Congress, where he prepared a bill to establish a bureau of labor statistics, opposed the presence of soldiers at the polls, and favored the remonetization of silver and the continuation of the use of the greenback currency. In 1879 he was an unsuccessful candidate of the Democratic party for governor of Ohio. At the close of his last term in Congress, Gen. Ewing declined re-nomination and resumed his law practice, making his office and residence in New York city. He died in New York city, Jan. 21, 1896.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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