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Civil War Soldiers - Elliott

Elliott, Washington L., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Carlisle, Pa., March 31, 1821. He was graduated at West Point in 1846 and served in the Mexican war until the surrender of Vera Cruz, being promoted 1st lieutenant July 20, 1847, and captain in July, 1854. In an engagement with the Navajos in New Mexico, Sept., 1858, he commanded a company of United States troops and distinguished himself. Being stationed in Missouri at the outbreak of the Civil war, he took part in the engagements at Springfield and Wilson's creek, and in Sept., 1861, he was commissioned colonel of the 2nd Iowa cavalry. He was promoted major in the regular army, Nov. 5, 1861, and for services at New Madrid, Mo., in March, 1862, at Island No. 10 in April and at Corinth in May, he was severally brevetted. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers in June, 1862, and in the following August became chief of cavalry of the Army of Virginia and was wounded at the second battle of Bull Run. Early in 1863 he was transferred to the command of the Army of the Northwest, but in the summer of that year he was placed in command of a division of the Army of the Potomac, then in the Army of the Cumberland, and commanded the Federal troops at the battle of Mossy creek, Tenn. He was subsequently chief of cavalry in the Army of the Cumberland, and was conspicuous in the Atlanta campaign and in the pursuit of Gen. Hood. He commanded a division in the 4th army corps in the battles about Nashville, Tenn., in Nov. and Dec, 1864, and received for gallant services in that campaign the brevets of major-general of volunteers and brigadier- general in the regular army, while for gallant and meritorious services in the field during the war he was given the brevet rank of major-general U. S. A. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel in the regular army, Aug. 31, 1866, colonel in 1878, and was retired at his own request, March 20, 1879. Gen. Elliott died in San Francisco, Cal., June 29, 1888.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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