|If this website has been useful to you, please consider
making a Donation.
Your support will help keep this website free for everyone, and will allow us to do
more research. Thank you for your support!
Civil War Soldiers - Doubleday
|Doubleday, Abner, major-general, U.S.
Army, was born in Ballston, N. Y., June 26, 1819. He was graduated at
West Point in 1842 and served in the Mexican war in the 1st artillery,
being present at Monterey, and at Buena Vista, where he defended the
Rinconoda pass. He was promoted captain in 1855, served in the
Seminole war, 1856-58, and was one of the garrison at Fort Moultrie in
1860, withdrawing with his men, by order of Maj. Anderson, to Fort
Sumter, Dec. 26, 1860. He aimed the first gun fired in defense of that
fort, April 12, 1861. He was promoted major, in the 7th infantry, May
14, 1861, and served with Gen. Patterson in the valley and in the
defense of the national capital. Promoted brigadier-general of
volunteers, Feb. 3, 1862, he commanded the defense of Washington, led
a brigade in the Northern Virginia campaign from May to Sept., 1862,
and at the second battle of Bull Run he succeeded to the command of
Hatch's division, while at Antietam his division, which led the
extreme right, opened the battle and captured six battle flags. Gen.
Doubleday was promoted major-general of volunteers, Nov. 21, 1862,
fought at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, and, when Reynolds was
made commander of a wing of the army, succeeded to command of the 1st
army corps. He supported Buford's cavalry at Gettysburg, commanded the
field when Reynolds fell until the arrival of Gen. Howard, and on the
third day his division aided in turning back Pickett's charge and
putting the Confederate army to flight. He was after that, until 1865,
on courtmartial duty and on various commissions, was brevetted colonel
and brigadier-general in the regular army, March 11, and major-general
U. S. A. March 13, 1865, for services during the war. He was commander
of Galveston, Tex., at the close of 1866, and was then commissioner of
the Freedmen's bureau in Texas until mustered out of the volunteer
service, Aug. 1, 1867. He was promoted colonel U. S. A. and assigned
to the 35th infantry, Sept. 15, 1867, and was afterwards stationed on
various duties in New York city, San Francisco, and Texas. Gen.
Doubleday was retired Dec. 11, 1873. He died in Mendham, N. J., Jan.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908