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Civil War Soldiers - Curtis

Curtis, N. Martin, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in De Peyster, St. Lawrence county, N. Y., May 21, 1835, was educated in the common schools and at the Gouverneur, N. Y., Wesleyan seminary, and became prominent in local Democratic circles, being postmaster in his home town 1857-61, and candidate for the assembly in 1860. He enrolled a volunteer company, April 14, 1861, was commissioned captain on May 7, and served with the Army of the Potomac. He participated in the first battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861 ; was severely wounded at West Point, Va., May 7, 1862; was promoted lieutenant-colonel in Oct., 1862, and colonel of the 142nd N. Y. volunteers in Jan., 1863, and was assigned to command a brigade in June, 1864, after the battle of Cold Harbor, in which he had commanded a brigade whose leader was killed in action. He advanced with his brigade on Petersburg, June 15, 1864, and took part in all the operations before Petersburg and Richmond until Dec. 5, when he was assigned to the first expedition against Fort Fisher. For his services at the capture of Fort Fisher in Jan., 1865, when he was several times wounded, losing his left eye on account of one of the wounds, he was promoted brigadier-general on the field, and thanked by the legislature of New York state. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865, and assigned to duty as chief of staff to Gen. E. O. C. Ord; was given command of southwestern Virginia, with headquarters at Lynchburg, July 1, 1865, and was mustered out there Jan. 15, 1866. After the war Gen. Curtis was collector of customs; special agent of the U. S. treasury department; member of the New York assembly, 1884-90; and representative in Congress from 1891 to 1897.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Curtis, Samuel R., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Clinton county, N. Y., Feb. 3, 1807, was taken as a child to Ohio, was graduated at West Point in 1831, and, after a year in the army, resigned to take up civil engineering. He afterwards studied law, became actively interested in state militia affairs, and, having risen to colonel of Ohio militia in 1843, in 1846 was made adjutant-general of Ohio for the special purpose of organizing the state's quota for service in the Mexican war. He served in that war as colonel of the 2nd Ohio volunteers, and while in charge of the army stores at Camargo defeated an attempt made by Gen. Urrea to capture the place, driving the Mexican general through the mountains to Ramos, and thus opening communications with Gen. Taylor. He subsequently served on the staff of Gen. Wool and, after the war, opened a law office in Keokuk, Ia. While residing in Keokuk he was elected to Congress, served two terms and part of a third, and then resigned, in 1861, to become colonel of the 2nd Iowa regiment. He was one of the first officers to receive a commission, May 17, 1861, as brigadier-general, and during the summer organized and had charge of a camp of instruction at St. Louis. He commanded the district of southwestern Missouri from Dec. 26, 1861, to Feb., 1862, and the Army of the Southwest until Aug. of that year, defeating in a decisive battle at Pea Ridge on March 6-8, 1862, a Confederate force commanded by Gens. Price and McCulloch, for which action he was promoted major-general of volunteers. He then marched over one thousand miles through swamps and wilderness and captured Helena, Ark., which place he held from July 14 to Aug. 29, 1862. He commanded the Department of Missouri, 1862-63, and the Department of Kansas, 1864-65, being in command at Fort Leavenworth in Oct., 1864, and aiding in the defeat and pursuit of Gen. Price's army. He commanded the Department of the Northwest from Feb. to July, 1865, and was United States Indian commissioner during the latter part of that year. He was early interested in the Pacific railroad, having presided over the convention that met in Chicago in Sept., 1862, and was a commissioner to examine the road in 1866. He died at Council Bluffs, Ia., Dec. 26, 1866.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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