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Civil War Soldiers - Cullum

Cullum, George W., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in New York city, Feb. 25, 1809, was graduated in the military academy at West Point in 1833, standing third in his class, and, being assigned to the engineer corps, was promoted captain in 1838, and superintended the construction of government works at New London, Conn., and in Boston harbor. He organized platoon trains for use in the Mexican war, was instructor in engineering at West Point from 1848 to 1855 and then, until 1861, superintended the construction of government works at New York city, Charleston, S. C, New Bedford, Mass., Newport, R. I., and New London, Conn. He was ordered to Washington, April 9, 1861, as aide-de-camp of Gen. Scott, then commander-in-chief of the army, was promoted major of engineers, Aug. 6, 1861, and, upon the resignation of Gen. Scott, Oct. 31, 1861, was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers the next day. He was appointed chief engineer of the Department of the Missouri, and was made chief of staff to Gen. Halleck, commanding that department. He directed engineering operations on the western rivers, was for some time in command at Cairo, was engaged as chief of engineers in the siege of Corinth, and then, after accompanying Gen. Halleck to Washington, was employed in inspecting fortifications, examining engineering inventions, and on various engineer boards. He was also from 1861 to 1864 member of the U. S. sanitary commission, and in the autumn of 1864 was employed in projecting fortifications for Nashville, Tenn., which had been selected as a base of operations and depot of supplies for the western armies. He was then, from Sept., 1864, until Aug., 1866, superintendent of the U. S. military academy at West Point. He was brevetted major-general U. S. A., March 13, 1865. He served on various boards for national defense until 1874, and on Jan. 13, 1874, retired from active service on account of his age. He then devoted himself to military, literary and scientific studies. He married the widow of Gen. Halleck, and, in conjunction with his wife, gave $200,000 to the New York cancer hospital. By his will he bequeathed over a quarter of a million dollars to the U. S. military academy to build a memorial hall. He died in New York city, Feb. 29, 1892.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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