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Civil War Soldiers - Crawford
|Crawford, Samuel W.,
brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Franklin county, Pa., Nov.
8, 1829, was graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1846 and
the medical department in 1850, and entered the United States army in
1851, serving in Texas and Mexico from 1851 to 1857, and in Kansas
from 1857 to 1860. He was then stationed at Fort Moultrie, and later
at Fort Sumter, being one of the garrison there under Maj. Anderson
and having command of a battery during the bombardment. He was then
stationed until Aug., 1861, at Fort Columbus, New York harbor,
vacating his commission as assistant surgeon then, by becoming major
in the 13th U. S. infantry, and in 1862 was commissioned a brigadier-
general of volunteers. Gen. Crawford was conspicuous at Winchester,
and at Cedar mountain, where he lost one-half of his brigade, and at
the battle of Antietam he succeeded to the command of Gen. Mansfield's
division, and was severely wounded. Early in 1863 he was placed in
command of the Pennsylvania reserves, then stationed at Washington,
and led them at Gettysburg, July 1-3, serving with great bravery.
Subsequently he participated in all the operations of the Army of the
Potomac until the close of the war, and was brevetted from colonel, in
1863, up to major-general, U. S. A., March 13, 1865, for conspicuous
gallantry in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Petersburg,
Five Forks and other engagements. He was mustered out of the volunteer
service in 1866 and served with his regiment in the south, becoming
colonel of the l6th infantry in 1869 and later of the 2nd infantry. He
was retired by reason of disability caused by wounds, in Feb., 1873,
with rank of brigadier-general, and died in 1892.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908