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Civil War Soldiers - Crawford

Crawford, Samuel W., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Franklin county, Pa., Nov. 8, 1829, was graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1846 and the medical department in 1850, and entered the United States army in 1851, serving in Texas and Mexico from 1851 to 1857, and in Kansas from 1857 to 1860. He was then stationed at Fort Moultrie, and later at Fort Sumter, being one of the garrison there under Maj. Anderson and having command of a battery during the bombardment. He was then stationed until Aug., 1861, at Fort Columbus, New York harbor, vacating his commission as assistant surgeon then, by becoming major in the 13th U. S. infantry, and in 1862 was commissioned a brigadier- general of volunteers. Gen. Crawford was conspicuous at Winchester, and at Cedar mountain, where he lost one-half of his brigade, and at the battle of Antietam he succeeded to the command of Gen. Mansfield's division, and was severely wounded. Early in 1863 he was placed in command of the Pennsylvania reserves, then stationed at Washington, and led them at Gettysburg, July 1-3, serving with great bravery. Subsequently he participated in all the operations of the Army of the Potomac until the close of the war, and was brevetted from colonel, in 1863, up to major-general, U. S. A., March 13, 1865, for conspicuous gallantry in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Petersburg, Five Forks and other engagements. He was mustered out of the volunteer service in 1866 and served with his regiment in the south, becoming colonel of the l6th infantry in 1869 and later of the 2nd infantry. He was retired by reason of disability caused by wounds, in Feb., 1873, with rank of brigadier-general, and died in 1892.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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