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Civil War Soldiers - Cox

Cox, Jacob D., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Montreal, Canada, Oct. 27, 1828, spent his boyhood in New York, removed with his parents to Ohio in 1840, and graduated at Oberlin college in 1851. After leaving college he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1853, practiced in Warren, Ohio, and was from 1859 to 1861 member of the state senate. Holding a state commission as brigadier-general of volunteers at the beginning of the Civil war, he was active in raising troops, and on May 17, 1861, was commissioned brigadier-general of U. S. volunteers. He commanded an independent column in the West Virginia campaign under McClellan from July to Sept., 1861, and under Rosecrans from September to December of the same year. He commanded the district of the Kanawha almost continuously until Aug., 1862, when he was ordered to Washington and assigned to the Army of Virginia under Pope. He led the advance of the right wing of McClellan's army at South mountain and opened the battle, Sept. 14, 1862, assuming command of the 9th army corps when Gen. Reno fell, and directing its movements in the battle of Antietam three days later. For his services in this campaign he was commissioned major- general of volunteers, Oct. 6, 1862, and was ordered to West Virginia, where he drove back the Confederates, and then commanded the district until April, 1863, when he was put in command of the district of Ohio, and later of a division of the 23d army corps. He served in the Atlanta campaign and in the campaigns of Franklin and Nashville under Gen. Thomas. For services at the battles of Franklin he was restored to the rank of major-general of volunteers from which he had been reduced by constitutional limitation, in April, 1863, and was given permanent command of the 23d corps. He was transferred with his corps to North Carolina, in Feb., 1865, as part of Schofield's army, capturing Fort Anderson, the cities of Wilmington and Kinston, then joining Sherman's army at Goldsboro, and commanding the district of western North Carolina at Greensboro after the surrender of Gen. Johnston. He resigned from the service, Jan. 1, 1866, returned to Ohio, and was governor of the state in 1866 and 1867. He was secretary of the interior in President Grant's cabinet, 1869-70, then resigned, and, returning to Ohio, was a representative from the Toledo district in the 45th Congress, 1877-79. He was also for several years president of the Wabash railroad. He was elected dean of the Cincinnati law school in 1881, and was president of the University of Cincinnati from 1884 to 1889. He retired from the deanship of the law school in 1897, and from active professional life, and died Aug. 4, 1900.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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