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Civil War Soldiers - Carleton

Carleton, James H., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Maine in 1818. He took part in the "Aroostook war" which resulted from a dispute as to the location of the northeastern boundary of the United States, and in Feb., 1839, after the conclusion of that dispute, was commissioned 2nd lieutenant of the 1st U. S. dragoons. He was promoted 1st lieutenant in 1845 and was assigned to commissary duty in Kearny's expedition to the Rocky mountains in 1846. During the Mexican war he served on Gen. Wood's staff, was promoted captain in Feb., 1847, and in the same month was brevetted major for gallantry at Buena Vista. After the war he was engaged until the outbreak of the Civil war in exploring and in expeditions against hostile Indians, and, on Sept. 7, 1861, he was commissioned major and ordered to California in command of the 6th cavalry. In 1862 he raised and organized the "California column," and conducted it across the deserts to Mesilla on the Rio Grande. He was made commander of the department of New Mexico, succeeding Gen. Canby, and served in this capacity throughout the remainder of the war. On March 13, 1865, he was raised through the ranks by brevet to brigadier-general in the regular army for his services in New Mexico, and brevetted major-general U. S. A. for his conduct during the war. He was commissioned lieutenant-colonel in the regular army, July 31, 1866, and, subsequently, was promoted to colonel of the 2nd cavalry and ordered to Texas. He died in San Antonio, Tex., Jan. 7, 1873.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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