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Civil War Soldiers - Carleton
|Carleton, James H., brigadier-general,
U.S. Army, was born in Maine in 1818. He took part in the "Aroostook
war" which resulted from a dispute as to the location of the
northeastern boundary of the United States, and in Feb., 1839, after
the conclusion of that dispute, was commissioned 2nd lieutenant of the
1st U. S. dragoons. He was promoted 1st lieutenant in 1845 and was
assigned to commissary duty in Kearny's expedition to the Rocky
mountains in 1846. During the Mexican war he served on Gen. Wood's
staff, was promoted captain in Feb., 1847, and in the same month was
brevetted major for gallantry at Buena Vista. After the war he was
engaged until the outbreak of the Civil war in exploring and in
expeditions against hostile Indians, and, on Sept. 7, 1861, he was
commissioned major and ordered to California in command of the 6th
cavalry. In 1862 he raised and organized the "California column," and
conducted it across the deserts to Mesilla on the Rio Grande. He was
made commander of the department of New Mexico, succeeding Gen. Canby,
and served in this capacity throughout the remainder of the war. On
March 13, 1865, he was raised through the ranks by brevet to
brigadier-general in the regular army for his services in New Mexico,
and brevetted major-general U. S. A. for his conduct during the war.
He was commissioned lieutenant-colonel in the regular army, July 31,
1866, and, subsequently, was promoted to colonel of the 2nd cavalry
and ordered to Texas. He died in San Antonio, Tex., Jan. 7, 1873.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908