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Civil War Soldiers - Buford

Buford, John, major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Woodford county, Ky., March 4, 1826, a half brother of Gen. Napoleon Bonaparte Buford. He served as lieutenant in the 1st dragoons in the expedition against the Sioux, in 1855; at Bluewater, Kan., in 1856-57; in Utah in 1857-58, and in 1861 was promoted major and attached to the corps of the inspector-general. For a few months in 1862 he was on the staff of Gen. Pope in the Army of Virginia, and on July 27, 1862, was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, commanding a brigade of cavalry in Gen. Hooker's army during the North Virginia campaign. He took part in the engagement at Madison Court House, Aug. 9, pursued Gen. Jackson's army across the Rapidan, Aug. 12, was present at Kelly's ford, Thoroughfare gap, and Manassas, and was wounded at the last named battle. He was chief of cavalry during the Maryland campaign, being present at South mountain, Sept. 14, and at Antietam, Sept. 17, acting in that battle on Gen. McClellan's staff. In Dec, 1862, he commanded the reserve cavalry under Stoneman and did gallant service at Fredericksburg on the 13th of the month. He was also present at Stoneman's raid, May, 1863, and Beverly ford, June 9, 1863, and as chief of the cavalry division of the Army of the Potomac was present at all the principal engagements, including Gettysburg, where he began the attack, Wolf's hill, and Round Top, and the pursuit of the enemy to Warrenton. He played a conspicuous part at Culpeper, and in driving the Confederates across the Rapidan, when he was obliged to cut his way through the enemy to rejoin the army. He was assigned to the command of the cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland, in 1863, and on July 1 of that year was commissioned major-general of volunteers. He died in Washington, D. C, Dec. 16, 1863.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Buford, Napoleon B., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Woodford county, Ky., Jan. 13, 1807, graduated at West Point in 1827, then studied law at Harvard by permission of the government, and was assistant professor of natural and experimental philosophy at West Point in 1834 and 1835. He resigned from the army in 1835, was for a time employed by the state of Kentucky as an engineer, then engaged in the iron business and became a banker and railroad president in Illinois. Entering the Union army in 1861 as colonel of the 27th Ill. volunteers, he was present at the engagement at Belmont, Mo., Nov. 7, 1861, occupied Columbus, Ky., in March, 1862, captured Union City by surprise after a forced march, was in command of the garrison at Island No. 10 after the capitulation of the fort, and was present at Fort Pillow in April, 1862. He was promoted brigadier-general April 15, 1862, was present at the siege of Corinth, in May, 1862, at the battle of Corinth on Oct. 3 and 4 of that year, and the siege of Vicksburg in 1863, was in command from March to Sept., 1863, at Cairo, Ill., and from Sept., 1863, to March, 1865, at Helena, Ark. He held a commission as major- general of volunteers from Nov. 29, 1862, to March 4, 1863, and on March 13, 1865, was given the rank by brevet. He was mustered out of the service, Aug. 24, 1865, and served as special United States Indian commissioner, in 1868, having been appointed in 1867 by the government to inspect the Union Pacific railroad, being employed at the latter task until 1869, when the road was completed. He died March 28, 1883.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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