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Civil War Soldiers - Buchanan

Buchanan, Robert C, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Maryland about 1810, was graduated at West Point in 1830, served then in the Black Hawk and Seminole wars, and in 1838 was promoted captain. He served during the military occupation of Texas in 1845-46, and in the Mexican war, being brevetted major for gallant action at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, Tex., and lieutenant-colonel for meritorious conduct at the battle of Molino del Rey, Mexico. He was appointed major in the 4th infantry, Feb. 3, 1855, served on recruiting, garrison and court martial duty until 1861, and in September of that year was promoted to the lieutenant- colonelcy of the 4th infantry and stationed at Washington, D. C, where he remained until March, 1862. He took a prominent part in the Peninsular campaign, winning the brevet of colonel for gallantry at Gaines' mill, was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers in Nov., 1862, and, after March, 1863, commanded Fort Delaware. He was promoted colonel in the regular army in 1864 and in 1865 was given the brevets of major-general and brigadier-general, U. S. A., for gallantry at Malvern hill, Manassas and Fredericksburg. He was a member of the military commission, Dec. 1, 1865, to investigate the complaints of Prussia concerning the Massachusetts enlistments in 1863, was a member of the Iowa claims commission in 1867, was in command of the district of Louisiana in 1868, and of Fort Porte in 1869-70. He was retired at his own request Dec. 31, 1870, and died in Washington, D. C, Nov. 29, 1878.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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