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Civil War Soldiers - Birge

Birge, Henry W., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Hartford, Conn., about 1830. He was serving on the staff of Gov. Buckingham of Connecticut when the Civil war broke out, and organized the first regiment raised in that state. On May 22, 1861, he was made major of the 4th Conn. volunteers, the first three-year regiment organized in Connecticut, and served with his regiment in Maryland and Virginia. He was promoted colonel of the 13th Conn. regiment, Nov. 5, 1861, left in the following March to join Gen. Butler's forces in New Orleans, and was afterwards placed in command of the defenses there. In September he commanded a brigade under Maj.-Gen. Beckwith, took an active part in the battle of Georgia landing in October, accompanied Gen. Banks on the first Red River campaign, and was present at the siege and surrender of Port Hudson, July 8, 1863. On Oct. 6, 1863, he was promoted brigadier- general and in 1864 commanded a brigade under Banks in the second Red River campaign, served actively in several engagements and was then placed in command of Baton Rouge, La. He was ordered north with the 2nd division of the 19th corps in Aug., 1864, commanded a division under Gen. Sheridan in the Shenandoah valley, and, early in 1865, was sent to command the fortifications at Atlanta, Ga. At the recommendation of Gen. Sheridan, he was, on Feb. 25, 1865, brevetted major-general of volunteers for gallant action at the battle of Cedar creek. He resigned his commission in Oct., 1865, and, on his return to Connecticut, was awarded a vote of thanks by the state legislature. Gen. Birge died June 1, 1888.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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