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Civil War Soldiers - Barnes

Barnum, Henry A., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Jamesville, Onondaga county, N. Y., Sept. 24, 1833, was educated in Syracuse, and in 1856 became a teacher in the Syracuse institute, after which he studied law and was admitted to the bar. Enlisting at the beginning of the Civil war as a private in the 12th N. Y. volunteers, he was elected captain of Co. I, and fought with his regiment at Bull Run, the 12th being the first under fire at Blackburn's ford, previous to the battle. In Oct., 1861, he was promoted to major, served after that a short time as a member of Gen. Wadsworth's staff, and then rejoined his regiment and fought through the peninsular campaign. At Malvern hill he received a wound from which he never fully recovered, was carried apparently dead from the field, and a body, supposed to be his, was buried, while at his home a funeral oration was delivered. He was taken to Libby prison, remaining there until July 18, 1862, and then, after a six months' leave of absence returned to the war as a colonel, leading his regiment at Gettysburg, and at Lookout mountain, where he was again wounded, and where his regiment captured 11 battleflags. He was again wounded in the Atlanta campaign, commanded a brigade in Sherman's march to the sea, and had the distinction of being the first officer to enter Savannah. On March 13, 1865, he was brevetted a major-general of volunteers, and in the following January he resigned, having declined a colonelcy in the regular army, and became inspector of prisons in New York.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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