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Civil War Soldiers - Barnes

Barnes, James, brigadier-general, was born in Boston, Mass., in 1806, and graduated at West Point in 1829. He resigned at the end of seven years' service, having attained the rank of first lieutenant in the 4th artillery, and was then until 1857 a railroad engineer and builder of railroads. Returning to service in the army at the outbreak of the Civil war, he was colonel of the 18th Mass. volunteers from July 26, 1861, to Nov. 29, 1862, when he was promoted brigadier-general. He took part in the engagements of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and the skirmishes of Aldie and Upperville, and the battle of Gettysburg, where he commanded a division, and was severely wounded. He was afterwards on court-martial duty in command of various posts until the close of the war, and on March 13, 1865, he was brevetted major-general of volunteers. He was mustered out of the service in Jan., 1866, and died at Springfield, Mass., Feb. 12, 1869, having never fully recovered from wounds and exposure.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Barnes, Joseph K., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, and surgeon-general, U. S. A., was born in Philadelphia, July 21, 1817. Being obliged by ill health to give up the studies which he had begun at Harvard, he left college, and later began his surgical studies under Surgeon- General Harris, U. S. A., and in 1838 was graduated from the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania. After two years' practice in Philadelphia he was appointed assistant surgeon in the army and assigned to duty at West Point, where he remained a year, and was then transferred to Florida, spending two years there with Gen. Harney's expedition against the Seminoles. He then served four years at Fort Jessup, La., and subsequently saw active service throughout the Mexican war, as chief medical officer in the cavalry brigade. He was assigned to duty at West Point in 1854, spent several years there, and at the beginning of the Civil war was called to duty at Washington. He was assigned to duty in the office of the surgeon-general in 1861, was appointed two years later medical inspector with the rank of colonel, and in Sept., 1863, was promoted to fill a vacancy in the surgeon-general's office, with the rank of brigadier- general. In 1865 he was brevetted major-general, U. S. A. After the war he did much to elevate the standard of the medical department, and was influential in having established the army medical museum and the library of the surgeon-general's office. He was present at the death-bed of President Lincoln, attended Secretary Seward when he was shot, and was physician to President Garfield during his long confinement. He died in Washington, April 5, 1883.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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