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Civil War Soldiers - Baird

Baird, Absalom, brigadier-general, was born in Washington, Pa., Aug. 20, 1824, and graduated at West Point in 1849. He served in 1850-51 as second lieutenant during the Seminole war. In 1853 he was promoted to first lieutenant and served until 1859 as assistant professor of mathematics at the military academy, spending the next two years on frontier and garrison duty. In March, 1861, he took command of the light battery for the Department of Washington, and on May 11 was brevetted captain. In July, 1861, he served as adjutant-general in the defense of Washington and in the Manassas campaign, engaging later in the siege of Yorktown and the battle of Williamsburg. He commanded a brigade in the Army of the Ohio from May to Sept., 1862, and was engaged in the capture of Cumberland gap. From Oct., 1862, to June, 1863, he commanded the third division in the Army of the Kentucky, and was, for gallant action at Chickamauga, brevetted lieutenant-colonel. He also held important commands in the operations about Chattanooga, the battle of Missionary ridge, the march to the sea, the capture of Atlanta, and the march through the Carolinas, being present at the surrender of Johnston's army at Durham station. For his services in the Atlanta campaign he received the brevet rank of brigadier-general in the regular army, while distinguished services throughout the war won him that of brevet major-general, U. S. A. Since the war, Gen. Baird has served as inspector-general of various departments.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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