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Civil War Soldiers - Ayres

Ayres, Romeyn B., brigadier-general, was born in Montgomery county, N. Y., Dec. 20, 1825, and graduated at West Point in 1847. Shortly after graduation he was sent to Mexico as second lieutenant in the 3d artillery, and remained in the garrison at Fort Preble until 1850. From that time until the outbreak of the Civil war he did frontier and garrison duty, and in May, 1861, was made captain in the 3d artillery. He was present at all the early engagements of the war about the defenses of Washington, then served as chief of artillery in W. F. Smith's division and of the 6th army corps, after which he accompanied the Army of the Potomac in the peninsular campaign of 1862, going thence into the Maryland campaign, ending in the battle of Antietam. After three months' sick leave he engaged in the winter campaign on the Rappahannock, and fought at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and in the intervening engagements. Being made brigadier-general of volunteers in Nov., 1862, he commanded a division of the 5th corps at Gettysburg, and was then ordered to New York city to suppress the draft riots. He accompanied his command in the movements against Richmond in 1864, was wounded at the siege of Petersburg in June, and took part in the final engagements which resulted in Lee's surrender at Appomattox. On April 30, 1866, he was mustered out of the service as lieutenant-colonel of the 28th infantry and brevet major-general, U. S. A., having received these and lesser appointments on account of meritorious service during the war.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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