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Civil War Soldiers - Andrews

Andrews, Christopher C., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Hillsboro, N. H., Oct. 27, 1829. As a boy he worked on his father's farm, attending school during the winter months, and in 1843 went to Boston. He later attended Francestown academy, and studied law after that in Cambridge, being admitted to the bar in 1850. After practicing two years in Newton he moved to Boston, but removed later to Kansas, and thence to Washington to further the interests of Kansas before congress. He spent two years in Washington, being employed as a departmental clerk, then moved to St. Cloud, Minn., where, in 1859, he was elected state senator. He supported Douglas in the campaign of 1860, and in 1861 assisted in bringing out the "Minnesota Union," a publication supporting the administration. Soon after the outbreak of the Civil war he enlisted as a private, but was soon commissioned captain in the 3d Minn. infantry. In a fight near Murfreesboro he was surrendered, and was held prisoner from July to Oct., 1862. Upon being exchanged he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of his regiment, in which capacity he served during the operations about Vicksburg, and in July, 1863, became colonel, serving then in the campaign which resulted in the capture of Little Rock, Ark., where he was placed in command of a brigade. To his efforts was due to a large extent the change in public opinion in Arkansas, which resulted, in Jan., 1864, in the reorganization of Arkansas as a free state. During the year 1864 he was in command of forces near Augusta, Ark., and then, being promoted brigadier-general, participated in the siege and storming of Fort Blakely, Ala. On March 9, 1865, he was brevetted major-general of volunteers, and subsequently commanded the district of Mobile, Ala., and later that of Houston, Tex. After putting affairs in Texas on a firm basis, Gen. Andrews returned to St. Cloud, and on Jan. 15, 1866, was mustered out of the service. After the war he continued to take a great interest in public affairs, and served as minister to Sweden and consul-general to Rio de Janeiro. Gen. Andrews is the author of various historical and technical works of value.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Andrews, George L., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Bridgewater, Mass., Aug. 31, 1828, and graduated in 1851 at West Point, standing the highest in his class. After graduation he superintended the construction of fortifications in Boston harbor, and then, returning to West Point, was assistant professor there in 1854 and 1855. Resigning this position in 1855, he was a civil engineer until the outbreak of the Civil war, when he became lieutenant-colonel and subsequently colonel of the 2nd Mass. regiment, serving in the Shenandoah valley and conducting the rear guard of the retreat at Cedar mountain. He fought through Pope's campaign and was at Antietam, and on Nov. 10, 1862, was promoted for distinguished bravery to brigadier-general. In Banks' expedition he led a brigade, and from July, 1863, to Feb. 13, 1865, commanded the Corps d'Afrique. On March 26, 1865, on account of distinguished services at the capture of Mobile, he was brevetted major-general of volunteers. After the war, on April 8, 1867, he was appointed United States marshal for Massachusetts, and on Feb. 27, 1871, went to West Point to accept a position as professor of the French language.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908



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