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Civil War Soldiers - Anderson

Colonel, First Florida Regiment Infantry, April 19, 1861.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., February 10, 1862.
Major general, P. A. C. S., February 17, 1864
Died at Memphis, Tennessee, January, 1873.

Brigade composed of the First Florida, Seventeenth Alabama, and Fifth and Eighth Mississippi Regiments Infantry.
Commanding division formerly commanded by Major General Hindman, Polk's Corps, Army of Tennessee.
Commanding District of Florida, __, 1864.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

ANDERSON, RICHARD H. South Carolina.
Major, Corps of Cavalry, C. S. A., March 19, 1861.
Major, assistant adjutant general, P. A. C. S., September 4, 1861.
Colonel, Fifth Georgia Cavalry, , 1861.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., July 19, 1861.
Major general, P. A. C. S., July 14, 1862.
Lieutenant general, P. A. C. S., May 31, 1864.
Died at Bufort, S. C, June 26, 1879.

Brigade composed of First Louisiana Regiment, Colonel Gladden; First Florida Regiment, Colonel J. Patton Anderson; Fifth Georgia Regiment, Colonel Jackson; Seventh and Eighth Mississippi Regiments, and Tyler's Battalion of Marines.
Subsequently, brigade composed of the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth South Carolina Volunteer Regiments, and the Second South Carolina Rifles, Longstreet's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
Division composed of Mahone's, A. R. Wright's, Armistead's and Martin's Brigades (Posey's, Wilcox's and Pryor's Brigades also subsequently formed a part of the division). Army of Northern Virginia.
At Fredericksburg, December 13 to 15, 1862, division composed of the brigades of Perry, Featherston, A. R. Wright, Wilcox and Mahone.
Commanding divisions of Hoke and Bushrod R. Johnson, and Hilary Jones' Artillery. Subsequently his corps was composed of the divisions of Pickett and B. R. Johnson, and Jones' Artillery.
Commanding Longstreet's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
Anderson, Richard Herron, born in South Carolina, appointed from South Carolina cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1838; graduated fortieth in a class of fifty-six.
Brevet second lieutenant, First Dragoons, July 1, 1842.
Second lieutenant. Second Dragoons, July 16, 1844.
First lieutenant, July 13, 1848.
Captain, March 3, 1855.
Brevet first lieutenant, August 20, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct at San Augustine, Mexico.
Resigned March 3, 1861.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

Anderson, Robert, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born near Louisville, Ky., at a place called "Soldier's Retreat," June 14, 1805. In 1825 he was graduated at West Point and received a commission as second lieutenant in the 3d artillery. During the Black Hawk war, in 1832, he served as colonel of the Illinois volunteers, and after that, from 1835 to 1837, acted as instructor in artillery at West Point. He was brevetted captain for services in the Florida war, then was for a time attached to the staff of Gen. Scott as assistant adjutant-general, and in 1841 was promoted to captain. He also served in the Mexican war, and was severely wounded in the battle of Molino del Rey. In 1857 he was appointed major of the 1st artillery, and in 1860 assumed command of the troops in Charleston harbor, with headquarters at Fort Moultrie. Owing to threatened assaults, Maj. Anderson withdrew his command, on the night of Dec. 26, 1860, to Fort Sumter, where he remained until forced to evacuate, on April 14, 1861, after a bombardment of thirty-six hours, to which he replied until forced by the disabling of his guns to yield. In recognition of his services at Fort Sumter he was appointed by President Lincoln brigadier-general in the U. S. army, and was assigned to command the Department of Kentucky, being subsequently transferred to that of the Cumberland. On account of failing health he was relieved from duty in Oct., 1861, and was retired from active service on Oct. 27, 1863. On Feb. 3, 1865, he was brevetted major-general, U. S. A. In 1869 he sailed for Europe in search of health, and died there, at Nice, France, Oct. 27, 1871. He was the translator from the French of "Instructions for Field Artillery, Horse and Foot," and "Evolutions of Field Batteries." To his personal efforts credit is due for the original steps in the organization of the Soldiers' home in Washington, which has since then sheltered many thousands of Civil war veterans.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

More Photos of Robert Anderson (Courtesy of the Library of Congress)
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