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Civil War Soldiers - Alvord
Alvord, Benjamin, brigadier-general,
U.S. Army, was born in
Rutland, Vt., Aug. 18, 1813, and was appointed from Vermont to West
Point military academy, in which he was graduated with the class of
1833. Being brevetted second lieutenant in the 4th infantry, he served
in the Seminole war (1835-1837), and was then instructor in
mathematics and physics at West Point until 1839. He was then engaged
in frontier, garrison and engineer duty until 1846, when he
participated in the military occupation of Texas, and subsequently in
the Mexican war. For gallant conduct in several affairs with
guerrillas at Paso Ovejas, National Bridge and Cerro Gordo, he was
given the successive brevets of captain and major, and was then chief
of staff to Maj. Lally's column on the march from Vera Cruz to the
city of Mexico in 1847. On June 22, 1854, he was made paymaster, and
served as such until 1862, when he became brigadier-general of
volunteers, having command during the war of the district of Oregon.
Resigning this position, he was brevetted brigadier in the regular
army in 1865, and was made paymaster-general in 1872. On July 22,
1876, he was made brigadier-general and paymaster, a position which he
held until 1880, when, after over 46 years of service, he was retired
at his own request. He died in 1884. Gen. Alvord, during the later
years of his life, wrote several treatises on mathematics, and
numerous essays and reviews which have become popular.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908
* Photo courtesy of Library of Congress